✎✎✎ When Was Genghis Khan Born
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Genghis Khan - Temüjin the Child - Extra History - #1
We know that the boy was given the name Temujin. His father Yesukhei was the chief of the minor Borijin clan of nomadic Mongols, who lived by hunting rather than herding or farming. Yesukhei had kidnapped Temujin's young mother, Hoelun, as she and her first husband were riding home from their wedding. She became Yesukhei's second wife; Temujin was his second son by just a few months. Mongol legend claims that the baby was born with a blood clot in his fist, a sign that he would be a great warrior. When Temujin was nine, his father took him to a neighboring tribe to work for several years and earn a bride. His intended wife was a slightly older girl named Borje. On the way home, Yesukhei was poisoned by rivals and died. Temujin returned to his mother, but the clan expelled Yesukhei's two widows and seven children, leaving them to die.
The family survived by eating roots, rodents, and fish. Young Temujin and his full brother Khasar grew to resent their eldest half-brother Begter. They killed him and as punishment for the crime, Temujin was seized and enslaved. His captivity may have lasted for more than five years. Set free at age 16, Temujin went to find Borje again. She was still waiting for him and they soon married. The couple used her dowry, a fine sable-fur coat, to make an alliance with Ong Khan of the powerful Kereyid clan. Ong Khan accepted Temujin as a foster son. This alliance proved key, as Hoelun's Merkid clan decided to avenge her long-ago kidnapping by stealing Borje.
With the Kereyid army, Temujin raided the Merkids, looting their camp and reclaiming Borje. Temujin also had help in the raid from his childhood blood-brother Jamuka, who would later become a rival. Borje's first son Jochi was born nine months later. After rescuing Borje, Temujin's small band stayed with Jamuka's group for several years. Jamuka soon asserted his authority, rather than treating Temujin as a brother, which started a two-decade feud between the year-olds.
Temujin left the camp, along with many of Jamuka's followers and livestock. At the age of 27, Temujin held a kurultai tribal council among the Mongols, who elected him khan. As Khan, Temujin awarded high office not just to his relatives, but to those followers who were most loyal to him. In , Jamuka raided Temujin's camp, cruelly horse-dragging and even boiling alive his captives, which turned many of his followers against him. The united Mongols soon defeated the neighboring Tatars and Jurchens, and Temujin Khan assimilated their people rather than follow the steppe custom of looting them and leaving.
Jamuka attacked Ong Khan and Temujin in Despite suffering an arrow shot to the neck, Temujin defeated and assimilated Jamuka's remaining warriors. Ong Khan then treacherously tried to ambush Temujin at a wedding ceremony for Ong's daughter and Jochi, but the Mongols escaped and returned to conquer the Kereyids. The unification of Mongolia ended in when Temujin defeated the powerful Naiman clan. Two years later, another kurultai confirmed him as Genghis Khan or universal leader of all Mongolia. Within five years, the Mongols had annexed much of Siberia and what is today the modern Chinese Xinjiang province. In reply, Genghis Khan spat on the ground. He then defeated their tributaries, the Tangut , and in he conquered the Jurchens and their 50 million citizens.
The Mongol army numbered just , Tribes as far away as Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan heard about the Great Khan and overthrew their Buddhist rulers in order to join his growing empire. Sultan Muhammad II agreed, but then murdered the first Mongol trade convoy of merchants, stealing their goods. Before the end of that year, the wrathful Khan had captured every Khwarizm city, adding lands from Turkey to Russia to his realm.
By the time he died, the empire controlled a vast amount of territory in China and central Asia, and its armies had ventured as far west as Kiev in modern-day Ukraine. All of the images of him that exist were created after his death or by people who otherwise never met him. Additionally, until Genghis Khan gained control over the Uyghur people, the Mongolians did not have a writing system. As such many of the records that survive of him were written by foreigners.
From what modern-day historians can gather he was born sometime around A. Genghis Khan was born with the name Temujin also spelled Temuchin. At the time, Mongolia was ruled by different clans and tribal groups. The boy was named Temujin to celebrate his father's triumph over an enemy, also named Temujin, writes Haqqi, who notes that naming a newborn child after an auspicious event was a common practice.
Haqqi believed that Temujin lived for some time with his father in-law, although this is a source of debate among scholars. Temujin, his family and remaining followers were forced to eke out a living on marginal pasturelands, contending with thieves and old rivals of Yesukai hoping to kill his family. Around the age of 14, Temujin is said to have murdered his half brother Bektor.
He overestimated his own strength, and Borte was kidnapped in a raid by a tribe called the Merkit. Temujin had to seek out the help of his friends Jamuqa and Toghrul also called the Ong Khan or Wang Khan to free her they were both glad to help, as they hated the Merkit. Chinese historical sources say that at some point Temujin was captured by the Jin Dynasty who controlled part of China and was held there for a number of years. Whether this is accurate or not is unknown. The records do show that around Temujin had allied himself with Toghrul and would launch a campaign against the Tatars, which they defeated in The two would later have a falling out, and Toghrul was killed after his forces were defeated by Temujin.
Temujin also had a falling out with Jamuqa and eventually had him killed also. In , Temujin had conquered most of Mongolia and the remaining tribes were forced to acknowledge him as their leader. In the years after taking over Mongolia, Genghis Khan would launch a successful campaign against the Jin Dynasty, taking their capital Zhongdu near modern-day Beijing in He then turned his attention to the west, moving deeper and deeper into central Asia.By the time he died, when was genghis khan born empire controlled a vast amount of territory in Sex Discrimination In The Bible and central Asia, and its armies had ventured when was genghis khan born far west as Kiev in modern-day Ukraine. The when was genghis khan born title when was genghis khan born is also used as the feminine counterpart of khan. When was genghis khan born Warriors Such was his reputation that he drew many warriors to his side.