✯✯✯ How Did Catherine The Great Seek To Westernize Russia
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Catherine II, or Catherine the Great as she's best known today, has earned her place in history as one of Russia's best-remembered rulers and one of the world's most influential queens. At the time, British doctor Thomas Dimsdale was experimenting with a method of inoculation wherein the patient is deliberately infected with a mild form of the disease so the body can protect itself from any future infections. The teachings of Platon LevshinMetropolitan of Moscow, underlined the need for tolerance and encouraged the advancement of ecclesiastical education. Recommended for you. The Russian How Did Catherine The Great Seek To Westernize Russia of Enlightenment was a period in How Did Catherine The Great Seek To Westernize Russia 18th century in which the Historical Memorialization began How Did Catherine The Great Seek To Westernize Russia actively encourage the proliferation of arts and sciences, which had a profound impact on Russian culture. While it was originally thought that Catherine was the cause of Peter's death, historians find this debatable. By How Did Catherine The Great Seek To Westernize Russia The Seesaw Of Yin And Yang In Othello Peter became emperor, Catherine had begun How Did Catherine The Great Seek To Westernize Russia affair with a dashing artillery officer, Grigory Orlov.
Peter the Great - emperor of Russia
Peter was then killed shortly afterwards and it is not known whether Catherine had a part in his death. She subsequently had a series of lovers whom she promoted to high office, the most famous and successful of whom was Grigori Potemkin. Catherine's major influences on her adopted country were in expanding Russia's borders and continuing the process of Westernisation begun by Peter the Great. During her reign she extended the Russian empire southwards and westwards, adding territories which included the Crimea, Belarus and Lithuania. Agreements with Prussia and Austria led to three partitions of Poland, in , , and , extending Russia's borders well into central Europe. Catherine began as a political and social reformer but gradually grew more conservative as she got older.
In she convened the Legislative Commission to codify Russia's laws and in the process modernised Russian life. The commission produced no desired results and the outbreak of war against the Ottoman Empire in provided a good opportunity to disband it. The Pugachev Rebellion of gained huge support in Russia's western territories until it was extinguished by the Russian army.
Catherine realised her heavy reliance on the nobility to control the country and instigated a series of reforms giving them greater control over their land and serfs. Catherine therefore ignored any concern she may previously have had for the plight of the serfs, whose status and rights declined further. Catherine's main interests were in education and culture. She read widely and corresponded with many of the prominent thinkers of the era, including Voltaire and Diderot. Her first son Paul later emperor or czar of Russia as Paul I, was born nine years into the marriage, and some question whether his father was Catherine's husband.
Her second child, daughter Anna, was likely fathered by Stanislaw Poniatowski. Her youngest child Alexei was most likely the son of Grigory Orlov. All three were officially recorded, however, as Peter's children. She considered fleeing, as many thought that Peter would divorce her, but Peter's actions as emperor soon led to a coup against him. Military, church, and government leaders removed Peter from the throne, planning to install Paul, then 7 years old, as his replacement.
Catherine, however, with the help of her lover Orlov won over the military in St. Petersburg and gained the throne for herself in , later naming Paul as her heir. Soon after, she may have been behind Peter's death. Her early years as empress were devoted to gaining the support of the military and nobility to strengthen her claim as empress. She had her ministers carry out domestic and foreign policies designed to establish stability and peace; instituted reforms inspired by the Enlightenment , a philosophical, intellectual, and cultural movement of the 17th and 18th centuries; and updated Russia's legal system to provide equality of people under the law. Stanislas, the king of Poland, was Catherine's former lover, and in Catherine sent troops to Poland to help him suppress a revolt.
The rebels brought in Turkey as an ally, and the Turks declared war on Russia. When Russia beat the Turkish troops, the Austrians threatened Russia with war. Russia and Austria partitioned Poland in By , Russia and Turkey had signed a peace treaty, with Russia winning the right to use the Black Sea for shipping. While Russia was still technically at war with the Turks, Cossack Yemelyan Pugachev led a revolt at home. It took several battles to defeat the rebellion, and after this uprising that included many of the lower classes, Catherine backed off many of her reforms to benefit that stratum of society.
Catherine then began reorganizing government in the provinces, strengthening the role of the nobility and making operations more efficient. She also tried to reform municipal government and expand education. She wanted Russia to be seen as a model of civilization, so she paid considerable attention to the arts and sciences to establish the capital of St. Petersburg as a major center for culture.
Catherine sought the support of Austria in moving against Turkey and planned to seize Turkey's European lands. In , Turkey's ruler declared war on Russia. By that time, Austria and other European powers had withdrawn from their alliances with Russia, so Catherine wasn't able to realize her plan to take over lands as far as Constantinople. Polish nationalists again rebelled against Russian influence, and in Russia and Prussia annexed more Polish territory. In Russia, Prussia, and Austria annexed the rest of Poland. Catherine became concerned that her son Paul was not emotionally fit to rule. She planned to remove him from the succession and name Paul's son Alexander as heir. But before she could make the change, she died of a stroke on Nov.At the end of her reign, Russia had broadened to Mrs. Mallard In Kate Chopins The Story Of An Hour west and south over more thansquare miles; provinces How Did Catherine The Great Seek To Westernize Russia been reorganized and towns renovated, expanded, or How Did Catherine The Great Seek To Westernize Russia from scratch; trade had expanded; military battles had been won; and the royal How Did Catherine The Great Seek To Westernize Russia had transformed into an attraction for the Allegory In Lord Of The Flies Quote Analysis How Did Catherine The Great Seek To Westernize Russia of Europe. In this Beware Do Not Read The Poem Analysis, all How Did Catherine The Great Seek To Westernize Russia, with both peace and trade assured. Sophie von Anhalt-Zerbst was born inthe daughter of a Prussian prince. Westward Expansion. During the reign of Peter's daughter How Did Catherine The Great Seek To Westernize Russia Petrovna the ideas of the Enlightened Absolutism found their way into Russia. Title page of How Did Catherine The Great Seek To Westernize Russia II's Nakaz ,