✪✪✪ The Outsiders Differences Between Book And Movie

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The Outsiders Differences Between Book And Movie



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The Outsiders: Book vs Film

Buddha statues in Datong with drill holes. Tour guides say the holes were drilled so special chemicals could be put in the rock to strengthen it. A cynic would say that perhaps the holes were drilled during the Cultural Revolution and designed to hold a less-than-constructive explosive. Although Australia's history is quite different to China's, it has produced some modern day commonalities.

For 50, years, nomadic humans roamed Australia. They probably never built cities because Australia lacked a high yield agricultural crop to build a civilisation around. Between the 15th and 17th centuries, Chinese, Dutch, Portuguese, Indonesian and Spanish reached Australia, took a look at the barren landscape populated by nomads and then kept sailing. In the 18th century, the English arrived, took a look around and decided Australia would make a great place to punish criminals. For the next 80 years, England dumped its Convicts in Australia. The type of criminals dumped in Australia were very similar to the type of people that supported Chairman Mao in the Communist uprising.

They were political rebels and the poor who lacked food to eat. They also found themselves alienated from an elitist class that treated them with contempt. Just as they did in China, the left-wingers of Australia responded by championing progressive ideals in the belief that equality could only be achieved via the destruction of the past. However, they were never able to fully enforce their ideals because the British had implemented a parliamentary system that diversified power and forced community consultation. The result was a system of government that addressed some of the problems that led to communist rebellions without suffering the damage caused by communist rebellions. This unique mix was noted by Vladimir Lenin, the father of the Russian revolution, who said of Australia:.

Worker domination in parliament resulted in the Australian economy evolving under an ideology of protectionism and socialism. The protectionist policies ensured Australia's unions would not be undermined by companies importing foreign labour and that Australian industries would not be subjected to competition from foreign produce. The socialist policies ensured that governments would have a monopoly on education, transport, telecommunication, banking and power generation. Commencing in the s, the protectionist and socialist policies were dismantled in favour of economic liberalism. For almost years, China had a foot binding culture in which young girls had their feet tightly bound in order to make them small. Aside from leading to boys being valued more than girls, the economic potential of boys led to gender expectations within the family unit.

Meanwhile, the boys would study hard in the aim of earning a high income. The valuing of boys over girls was in turn reflected in the gender imbalance caused by the one-child policy. Specifically, the illegal abortion of female foetuses has resulted in around 30 million more males than females in China today. Ironically, the one —child policy has actually liberated women from many of the cultural traits that impeded their economic potential.

The girls subsequently entered the competitive Chinese schooling system with their parents pushing them to aim for the sky. The result has been the creation of brilliant Chinese women who succeed in most fields of endeavour. Admittedly, politics is still dominated by men, which can be somewhat attributed to the importance of activities associated building guanxi social connections. Many of these activities are of a "nightlife" nature that women can not easily be part of.

The lack of representation does not reflect abilities or inclination. Aside from encouraging parents to put greater resources into their girls, the one-child policy has arguably made girls more economically advantageous than boys. To be more precise, if parents only have one child and the child is a daughter, it is no longer practical to sell her off to another family. As a result, daughters are retaining stronger links with their biological parents after marriage than in the past and supporting their parents in the process. Meanwhile, the lack of women has forced many parents to increase their financial support to their sons in the hope he can get a wife. This support is often expected to include buying him an apartment and car in the hope this will make him more attractive to women.

From the 10th century until the early 20th century, the practice of foot binding stifled the economic potential of women and instead positioned them as objects of beauty. In conflict with the positioning of the women as beauty objects was the mythological story of Mulan; a woman who posed as a man and joined the army to save her father. In Australia, there is a saying that the men are tough but the women are tougher. Certainly in the colonial era, Convict women had to endure extreme hardships. They responded with civic activism that resulted in Australia being the first country in the world to give women the vote and the right to enter parliament.

It has always been common for women to work in the private sector. In the public sector, however, there was a cultural value that married women should be housewives. As a consequence, it was not until that married women were legally allowed to work in the Australian public service. Within the family unit, there has never really been a cultural valuing of boys over girls nor has there ever been a culture of selling daughters to other families. Furthermore, there are few financial obligations between parents and children. Instead, once children turn 18, they generally try to move towards financial independence with little cultural expectation to financially support their parents.

This independence can be partially attributed to state welfare that allows children and parents that suffer financial hardship to survive without family support. For example, Australian women are prone to spend thousands on fashion and go to great lengths to look good, but then get angry if they are appreciated for anything other their personality. Two high profile career women in Australia have a feud over the colour of their clothes. For various socioeconomic reasons, Chinese mothers have a bias towards baby formula while Australian mothers prefer breast milk.

One reason that Chinese prefer formula is that they are more likely to rely upon extended families for the care of their newborns. Not only does formula make it easier to leave the babies with others, it also makes it easier for the family carers to bond with babies. In Australia, by contrast, generous maternity leave provisions from both the private and public sector employers results in more mothers taking time off work to be with their babies. Furthermore, there is less of a cultural ethic of extended families helping with child raising, which decreases the need for formula.

A second reason for Chinese demand for baby formula is that baby formula companies have been very aggressive with their advertising strategies. Like all advertising, sometime logical facts are communicated but more often the advertisements appeal to some kind of emotion. The relative scientific merits of formula versus breast milk subsequently becomes irrelevant and mothers simply feel they need formula. In contrast, baby formula advertising is banned in Australia as a very vocal segment of the population is very hostile to it. Instead, public health care nurses are very assertive in promoting the benefits of breast milk over formula. Like some of the advertising in China, their promotion is often based on emotion rather than a logical assessment of the situation or even the relative merits of formula.

In the s, the Communist Party of China considerd China's history to be both elitist and repressive. Today, it is common to hear Chinese express pride that they come from 5, years of history. The pairing of incongruent ideas is a common theme in contemporary Chinese art and reflects a desire to make sense of different conceptions of the Chinese identity. From to , China was ruled by the minority Qing Dynasty which imposed its minority culture on the Han majority. The Dynasty was so prescriptive that the Han men were forced to wear their hair in the favoured Manchurian style of shaved at the front and pony tail at the back lest they be executed. Han men continued to wear the Mancu style - even in Australian goldfields. The shaved front head and braided pony tail was a haircut imposed on Chinese by the Manchu invaders.

Towards the end of his life, Sun proposed that the west was hegemonic operated via the exercise of power while the east was Confucian a philosophy encompassing a number of values relating to respect for the family and education. He also proposed that colonialism could be resisted with the Confucian Asianism that united Asian countries. To ensure adherence to a transnational working class identity, in the s Mao launched the Cultural Revolution which aimed to destroy religious, national and even gender-based identities that could dilute passion for the working class identity.

The Cultural Revolution resulted in churches, temples and mosques being destroyed, women masculinised and mass produced boiler suits being worn by almost the entire population. The Cultural Revolution was a disaster on multiple levels. Furthermore, the transnational Communist identity was never achieved as deteriorating relations between China and Russia saw military conflict between the two nations in China later went to war with Vietnam in as the fellow Communist country was accused of being too sympathetic to Russia.

Communism in China did make some attempts to put global citizenship above Chinese nationalism, but this was on the assumption that Mao would lead that global citizenship. In truth, the Chinese system was much like National Socialism in Germany during the Nazi era in that the state held power and ownership of key industries while still allowing private enterprise. Furthermore, strong nationalism based upon perceived strengths in Chinese genetics as well as a victimisation by outsiders, helped build loyalty to the only party allowed to rule. Today, aspects of the national socialist thinking can be seen in many areas of Chinese life, including the Chinese national Anthem, the March of the Volunteers translation below. Arise, ye who refuse to be slaves; With our very flesh and blood Let us build our new Great Wall!

The Peoples of China are in the most critical time, Everybody must roar his defiance. Millions of hearts with one mind, Brave the enemy's gunfire, march on! Brave the enemy's gunfire, march on! March on! March on, on! Just as the Chinese identity is somewhat mixed up, so is the Australian identity. In mythology, Australians have celebrated rule breakers. This can partly be attributed to 80 years of Convict transportation in the 19th century that produced a culture that seemed to believe that rules were made to be broken. In the 20th, that culture made icons out of the likes of swimming legend Dawn Fraser and other larrikins ruler breakers. In conflict with the larrikin identity, Australian governments prescribed a British identity up until the s.

The loss of the British identity has resulted in Australia experiencing some turmoil as many Australians with British ancestry no longer have a sense of who they are and when they came from. Although some have embraced an Australian identity, others have felt lost and expressed their alienation with anti-social behaviour. Sidney Nolan's The Trial seems to reflect a popular celebration of rule breaking from a culture that is generally very compliant. Religion in China never had the same political control over emperors or the people the way that religion had in Europe, America or the Middle-east. The Xia Dynasty had a form of animal worship. This was followed by ancestral worship in the Shang. Philosophical thought in the form of Confucianism emerged in the Zhou dynasty and this acted as a kind of religion.

Also in the Zhou Dynasty there emerged a conception of heaven and a belief that heaven would reward a just ruler and punish an unjust ruler. Known as the Mandate of Heaven , it was evoked when one dynasty overthrew another. It proposed a set of practices on how an individual could lead a happy and peaceful life. A philosophy known as Legalism emerged in the Qin Dynasty. This proposed that instead of leading by example as was promoted by Confucianism , the emperor should pass strict laws and rule with an iron fist. As well as rejecting the need to set the example, Legalism also rejected Confucian beliefs that the people should be given education.

Instead, it proposed that people should be made to grow crops and fight for the emperor. Legalism proved to be unpopular with everyone except the emperor. It soon fell apart. The subsequent Han dynasty embraced versions of Buddhism that were seen to share commonalities with Confucianism and Taoism. The three teachings remained dominant in China until the Communist Revolution in Consequently, temples were destroyed, monks executed and religious teaching banned. Even though Confucianism was not a religion, it was also banned.

This caused some concern amongst the Communist leadership that continued to see it as a threat to the revolution. In , Falun Gong based on Daoist beliefs was publically introduced. Its rapid growth in popularity along with its politician edge soon saw it being banned. Buddhism continues to be treated with suspicion due to separatist movements in Tibet elevating the Dalia Lama as their leader. Islam is a point of friction as it is the religion of choice for Uighur separatists in the western Chinese province of Xinjiang. In addition, a great deal of relationship building in China revolves around the consumption of pork and alcohol, which causes friction with Muslims.

Catholicism is treated with suspicion as it elevates the Vatican as the head of the religion and requires Vatican approval for the appointment of Bishops. The Communist Party would like a say in the appointment of Bishops. Confucianism seems to have returned to popularity amongst the ranks of the Communist Party. Evidence comes in the form of the Confucius Institutes the organisations that proliferate Chinese culture around the world as a form of soft power diplomacy.

In the words of cultural critic Robert Hughes ,. The rejection of political Christianity can probably be traced to the penal era. For example, Governor Hunter was a morals crusader who frequently ordered Convicts be flogged for petty crimes. Although the Convicts were able to put up with the floggings, they were pushed to breaking point when they were ordered to attend Church on Sundays. They responded by burning the Church to the ground. More anti-institutional sentiment could be seen in the scorn for Samuel Marsden — a reverend of the colonial era. In New Zealand, Marsden is celebrated as a great man who brought the gospel to the Maori.

In Australia, he is remembered as the "flogging parson". The Convict men said of him:. Outside of theocratic nations, democracy is one of those words that is almost universally celebrated as a good thing, yet there is little consensus as to what it really means. According to the original Greek definition, democracy is the rule of people. In practice, it is generally conceived to mean that elections are held to decide who rules. Furthermore, they have abuses of power that prevent fair participation. In that regard, no country on earth is a true democracy. Within the party, elections are held to decide who leads the various positions. China is a democracy in the sense that all Chinese can potentially join the Communist Party where they will have an opportunity to subsequently vote.

Around 80 million Chinese have done this. China is not a democracy in the sense that it does not allow new parties to be created that may compete with the Communist Party for rule of China through an electoral process. Furthermore, it does not allow free of communication so that members of the public can initiate a campaign that could influece the voting intentions or decision making of Communist Party Members. Australia is defined as a Constitutional Monarchy. Every Australian is in an electorate that has at least 21, people.

Each citizen over 18 in the electorate must for an individual to represent them in the House of Representatives permanent residents and citizens under 18 can not vote. The elected representative are usually aligned with a major party. The party or coalition that gets the most members elected will govern. Australians can not vote for who will be the Head of State nor can they vote for who will be the Prime Minister unless the candidate represents their electorate.

They may be further served by pandering to the interests of private and public media companies that can skew voting habits. As a consequence, only two parties have a chance to govern and their rule will be bound by the need to repay the interest groups that helped them win the election. In western countries, it is often presumed that China will eventually make the transition to a western style democracy.

On the other hand, the one-party democratic system of Singapore arguably provides the favoured model for China in that it has combined economic development with social harmony. In other words, just as westerners are prone to see flaws in their own governments, so are the Chinese. It is therefore perfectly understandable that China would not seek to emulate the model. In China, the lack of an independent communications industry prevents the public from being able to initiate change in response to problems. This hinders the remedying of problems in three main ways. Finally, because the identification of a problem comes from the top, the community has less ownership over the problem and the solutions.

As a consequence, the community is not an active participant in ensuring the devised solutions are embraced and values are changed. The public visibility of environmental degradation is an obvious example that illustrates the failure of Communist Party to effectively implement solutions despite recognising that a problem exist. Some of the Party's solutions include colour coded recycling bins, policies to limit cars on the road and regulations banning polluting industries.

The general public usually ignore the policies while guanxi social connections allows the larger industries to keep their polluting ways in defiance of the law. In short, the Communist Party often fails to change values or get public buy in even though its policies are great. The Communist Party has implemented lots of solutions to improve the environment. Many fail due to the lack of public buy in. In the above example, a public waterway is used to dump fruit wrapped in plastic. In Australia, an independent communications industry allows members of the public to identify a problem and amplify their voices through the media.

Furthermore, a candidate from one of the many political parties is usually more than willing to add their face to a campaign in order to embarrass a rival for not taking the problem seriously. Clean Up Australia Day is one example of how extending freedom has allowed a problem to be identified and the community engaged in ways that has led to significant improvements in the environment. Clean Up Australia Day has been an effective community led initiative that has fostered a greater appreciation for a clean environment. On the negative side, campaigns in Australia are dominated by a strategy known as Media Advocacy , which can be defined as a kind of megaphone communication strategy to get something from government.

In sum, Media Advocacy places an emphasis on:. The voices that have the means to scream loudly tend to be organised interest groups whose solutions generally revolve around receiving government funding or changing government laws in a way that will increase their profitability. There is no attempt to educate the public to change any behaviour. The failure to remedy disadvantage in Indigenous communities perhaps illustrates how social activism is often skewed for financial advantage rather than problem solving. Two-Bit thanks her, and she stops Ponyboy so they can talk.

She tells Ponyboy that Randy wasn't going to participate in the upcoming rumble because Bob was his longest and best friend and he is tired of all the fighting. Ponyboy accepts this. Cherry asks how Johnny is doing, and Ponyboy tells her that he isn't doing good and asks if she could visit him. Cherry declines this, and says she can't because Bob was her boyfriend and he was murdered by Johnny.

Cherry explains to Ponyboy that there was a side of Bob that not everybody saw that made you want to follow him. Ponyboy knew that she saw this in Dally, and that was why she was afraid to see him and love him. Ponyboy quickly forgave Cherry, but insulted her saying he doesn't want her to see Johnny because she is a traitor to the Socs and not even loyal to the greasers, and that it doesn't make up for the fact that she gets to sit in her car while Soda has to drop out of school to survive, and that she never feels sorry for them. Ponyboy sees Cherry's face, and she is about to cry, which makes him feel ashamed. Ponyboy hated seeing girls cry.

Cherry tells Ponyboy she liked him from the start because of the way he talked and because he is a nice kid, which is a rarity, and she wanted to help him and the other greasers. Ponyboy asks her if she could see the sunset well from the West Side, and she confirms this as true. Ponyboy says that she can see it well from the East Side, too. She smiles through teary eyes and thanks Ponyboy. Ponyboy noted that she has green eyes and left for home. Cherry makes a final appearance during the court trial with her parents.

Cherry told the court what had happened before the manslaughter, saying the Socs were drunk, all while she was sad. In the end, she helped Ponyboy win the case, making him be able to stay with his brothers. The Outsiders Wiki Explore. Wiki Content. The Outsiders the novel the film the TV series the episodes the play. Matt Dillon Ralph Macchio C. Jay R. Wiki Organization. Explore Wikis Community Central. Register Don't have an account?

Cherry Valance. View source. History Talk 8. Part of it is, but not all. You greasers have a different set of values. You're more emotional. We're sophisticated cool to the point of not feeling anything. Nothing is real with us. You know, sometimes I'll catch myself talking to a girl-friend, and realize I don't mean half of what I'm saying. I don't really think a beer blast on the river bottom is super-cool, but I'll rave about one to a girl-friend just to be saying something. I never told anyone that. I think you're the first person I've ever really gotten through to. Dallas : " This might cool you off.

After you wash your mouth and learn to talk and act decent, I might cool off, too. I'll bet you think the Socs have it made. By the time they were discovered by the other peoples of Middle-earth, they had already been around for many generations. The earliest known group of hobbits lived in the Valley of Anduin, in the region of Wilderland between Mirkwood and the Misty Mountains. At this time, there were three breeds, or tribes, of Hobbits, with different physical characteristics and temperaments: Harfoots , Stoors and Fallohides. As a result, many old words and names in "Hobbitish" are derivatives of words in Rohirric.

About the year TA , they undertook the arduous task of crossing the Misty Mountains. Reasons for this trek are unknown, but it possibly had to do with Sauron's growing power in nearby Greenwood, which was later named Mirkwood because of the shadow that fell on it, as Sauron was searching the area for the One Ring. The Hobbits took different routes in their journey westward, but as they began to settle together in Bree-land , Dunland , and the Angle formed by the rivers Hoarwell and Loudwater ; the divisions between the Hobbit-kinds began to blur. In the year of the Third Age, two Fallohide brothers named Marcho and Blanco gained permission from the King of Arnor at Fornost to cross the River Baranduin and settle on the other side. Many Hobbits followed them, and most of the territory they had earlier settled was abandoned.

Only Bree and a few surrounding villages lasted towards the end of the Third Age. The new land that they founded on the west bank of the Brandywine was called the Shire. The crossing of the Brandywine, as the hobbits called it, was the event that led to the settlement of the Shire, thus the Shire Reckoning began. Originally, the Hobbits of the Shire swore nominal allegiance to the last Kings of Arnor , being required only to acknowledge their lordship, speed their messengers, and keep the bridges and roads in repair.

During the final fight against Angmar at the Battle of Fornost , the Hobbits maintain that they sent a company of archers to help, but this is recorded nowhere else. After the battle, the kingdom of Arnor was destroyed, and in absence of the king, the Hobbits elected a Thain of the Shire from among their own chieftains. However, the Oldbuck family later crossed the Brandywine River to create the separate land of Buckland and the family name changed to the familiar " Brandybuck ".

Their patriarch then became Master of Buckland. The Thain was in charge of Shire Moot and Muster and the Hobbitry-in-arms , but as the Hobbits of the Shire led entirely peaceful, uneventful lives, the office of Thain was seen as something more of a formality. The major political power in the Shire was actually held by the Mayor of Michel Delving the Shire's chief township. His duties included overseeing the post and the "police" force Shirriffs ; he was also obliged to preside at banquets. The Hobbits' numbers dwindled, and their stature became progressively smaller after the Fourth Age. However, they are sometimes spoken of in the present tense, and the prologue "Concerning Hobbits" in The Lord of the Rings states that they have survived into Tolkien's day.

Although the Hobbits took different routes west, they eventually arrived in a land between the River Baranduin which they renamed the Brandywine and the Weather Hills. There, they founded many settlements, and the divisions between the varieties of Hobbits began to blur. Originally, Fallohides were often found as leaders among clans of the other Hobbits. Around the year TA , two Fallohide brothers, Marcho and Blanco , decided to journey across the River Brandywine and settle on the other side. Large groups of Hobbits followed them, and most of their former territory was depopulated.

The Hobbits who had left called their new home the Shire. The Hobbits of the Shire originally swore their allegiance to the last Kings of Arnor. However, after the Battle of Fornost , the kingdom of Arnor was destroyed. To replace the king's authority and leadership, the Hobbits elected their first Thain of the Shire, Bucca of the Marish , from among their own chieftains. The Thain was responsible for chairing the Shire-Moot and leading the Muster of Hobbitry-in-arms in emergency situations. However, conflict rarely threatened the Hobbits of the Shire, and the Thain usually had no need to exercise his authority.

Most Hobbits lived longer life spans than Men , a race of which they might have been an off-shoot. The average lifespan of a Hobbit was about years, though it was not unusual for a Hobbit to live as many as three decades beyond that. The time at which a young Hobbit matured and was accepted as an adult was 33, compared to a Man's 18 years. Thus, a year-old Hobbit would only be middle-aged. The most distinguishing feature of Hobbits was their short stature. They were smaller than Dwarves and were usually between two and four feet in height. With the gradual passing of time, Hobbits became even shorter. By the Third Age , they were usually less than three feet tall.

In The Hobbit The Outsiders Differences Between Book And Movie, Bilbo manages to sneak up on the Trolls without them The Outsiders Differences Between Book And Movie him because he, like all Hobbits, could walk around very quietly. Furthermore, Australian phrasings like, "how did you get on at the beach? Arise, ye The Outsiders Differences Between Book And Movie refuse to be The Outsiders Differences Between Book And Movie With our very flesh and The Outsiders Differences Between Book And Movie Let us build our new Great Wall! Although Hobbits are The Outsiders Differences Between Book And Movie peaceful people, who usually shun fighting, The Outsiders Differences Between Book And Movie are The Outsiders Differences Between Book And Movie, as a race, very courageous, uncanny marksmen adept with missile weapons of all kinds, from throwing stones to slings and bows - hence Ponyboy And Greasers Are Outsiders company of archers purportedly sent to aid the Arnorians at the Battle of Fornost.

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