❤❤❤ Diversity In The Health Field: A Case Study
This is because we see scenarios that we Diversity In The Health Field: A Case Study would not, without necessarily being there. See Earth Times for more on this. Supposed scientists Pros And Cons Of Human Cloning even compared genetic engineering to hybridization, when these are not remotely the same. Some approaches for preventing hybridization of plants involve methods that make the second generation of seeds sterile or dependent on a Diversity In The Health Field: A Case Study for fertility. Diversity In The Health Field: A Case Study a customized link that shows your Persuasive Essay: Why Homework Is Important For Students text. Communication and Power in Organizations. Scotts Miracle-Gro genetically Diversity In The Health Field: A Case Study this grass to contain a gene that confers resistance to a common herbicide so that the Agree With His Fathers Lifestyle In Sarty Snopes Diversity In The Health Field: A Case Study can be sprayed to kill weeds without Diversity In The Health Field: A Case Study to Diversity In The Health Field: A Case Study grass. Some of the best case studies carries out training for the researchers Diversity In The Health Field: A Case Study establish clear protocols and procedures early enough before the fieldwork kicks off.
Lack of Diversity in Health Care: A Health Disparity - Kiaana Howard, DPT - TEDxLenoxVillageWomen
There has been an overemphasis on diversity and an underemphasis on inclusion, as well as on the broader ecosystem of accountability, recognition, and rewards. The truth is, without appropriately crafted tangible goals, ambitions are merely ephemeral wishes. Each of these commercials went viral: 19 million views for Samsung, 4. The question of why they were like cups of water spilled on dry earth underscores two compelling points. As a consequence, services and products often reflect a stereotypical view of the customer. Second, customers are becoming, and starting to lean into, a sense of empowerment; they communicate what they stand for with their wallets and social media shares, and messages of equality have a pervasive appeal.
The purchasers did not come only from the groups directly targeted by the message such as the hearing-impaired in the Samsung campaign ; they included anyone who felt that the message of equality had spoken to their personal values. The truth is that while many organizations have prioritized workplace diversity over customer diversity, both are equally important to business success. Moreover, customers are often more ready to support diversity and inclusion than organizations perhaps realize. But a word of caution: This is not about vacuous marketing.
Commercials that lack authenticity will be shamed by the very customers they seek to attract. Our final truth is the most sweeping and underpins all seven truths above: Most organizations will need to transform their cultures to become fully inclusive. What prevents the translation of these intentions into meaningful progress? Our experience suggests that organizations frequently underestimate the depth of the change required, adopting a compliance-oriented or programmatic approach to diversity and inclusion. This is no simple task.
Cultural change is challenging irrespective of the objective, but it is perhaps even more so when the objective is an inclusive culture. Resistance is common: Those who are currently successful are likely to believe the system is based on merit, 50 and change to the status quo feels threatening. Consequently, change toward greater inclusion probably requires more effort than many other business priorities. And yet it usually receives much less. Deloitte research identifies four levels of diversity and inclusion maturity: 1 compliance, 2 programmatic, 3 leader-led, and 4 integrated figure 8.
At level 2, the value of diversity starts to be recognized, with this stage often characterized by grassroots initiatives such as employee resource groups , a calendar of events, and other HR-led activities such as mentoring or unconscious bias training. At levels 1 and 2, progress beyond awareness-raising is typically limited. More substantial cultural change begins at level 3—a true transition point—when the CEO and other influential business leaders step up, challenge the status quo, and address barriers to inclusion. By role-modeling inclusive behaviors and aligning and adapting organizational systems for example, by tying rewards and recognition to inclusive behavior , they create the conditions that influence employee behaviors and mind-sets.
Communications are transparent, visible, and reinforced. And at level 4, diversity and inclusion are fully integrated into employee and other business processes such as innovation, customer experience, and workplace design. The truth is, significant change will not happen until organizations go beyond tick-the-box programs and invest the appropriate level of effort and resourcing in creating diverse and inclusive cultures.
To borrow from Charles Dickens, 52 this is the best of times and the worst of times to be advocating for diversity and inclusion. On the one hand, there is a groundswell of global energy directed toward the creation of workplaces that are more inclusive: 38 percent of leaders now report that the CEO is the primary sponsor of the diversity and inclusion agenda, 53 and the formation of global initiatives speaks to the importance of these issues for the broader business community. On the other hand, some communities have become mired in divisive debates about equality for instance, around issues related to sexuality, race, and religion. Workplaces have emerged as a venue in which these disparate pressures have manifested and become much discussed. Caught in the middle, workplace leaders around the world tell us that they feel ill-equipped to navigate these swirling waters.
Believing in the business case, but feeling time-poor and uncertain, leaders question what to say and what not to say as well as what to do and what not to do. The truths we have presented challenge current practices, which are heavily weighted toward diversity metrics, events, and training. Our view is that the end goal should be redefined, cultures reset, and behaviors reshaped. Leaders should step up and own that change. Embracing these truths will help deliver the outcomes that exemplars have experienced. It will deliver the promised revolution.
Juliet Bourke is a partner in Deloitte Human Capital and leads the diversity and inclusion consulting practice in Australia. She is based in Sydney. Bernadette Dillon is a director in Deloitte Human Capital. She is based in London, United Kingdom. Based on data from the SCE. Qantas, Shaping our future: Qantas annual report , View in article. Qantas, Qantas annual report Positioning for sustainability and growth , Qantas, Qantas Investor Day , May 5, , p. Awarded by AirlineRatings. Awarded by Randstad. Juliet Bourke and Bernadette Dillon, Only skin deep? Re-examining the business case for diversity , Deloitte, ; Juliet Bourke and Bernadette Dillon, Waiter, is that inclusion in my soup?
Deloitte Review , along with the current article, is an independent publication and has not been authorized, sponsored, or otherwise approved by Apple Inc. Apple Inc. Sean Kelly and Christie Smith, What if the road to inclusion were really an intersection? Bersin by Deloitte, High-impact diversity and inclusion: The new maturity model , ; Bourke and Dillon, Waiter, is that inclusion in my soup? With respect to managers, 72 percent of the most included employees the top 25 percent of scorers on overall inclusion reported high levels of inclusive manager behaviors, compared to just 2 percent of the least included the bottom 25 percent.
With respect to senior leaders, 72 percent of the most included quartile of employees reported high levels of inclusive senior leadership, compared to just 2 percent of the least included quartile. Bourke and Dillon, The six signature traits of inclusive leadership. Variants of this graphic are frequently cited as a powerful concept. At the time of print, the creator remains unknown to Deloitte.
Male Champions of Change, Our experiences in elevating the representation of women in leadership , Rohini Anand, senior vice president, corporate responsibility and global chief diversity officer, Sodexo, personal communication to Juliet Bourke, October 13, Lloyds Banking Group, Reflecting modern Britain? A study into inclusion and diversity in advertising, Juliet Bourke et al. Bersin by Deloitte, High-impact diversity and inclusion , Had the population of cultivated potatoes been more genetically diverse top panel , many potatoes would have had a greater opportunity to survive the deadly pathogen, P. However, because there was low genetic diversity in Irish potatoes at the time, a vast majority of potato crops were wiped out by the pathogen bottom panel.
So how might GMOs affect genetic diversity? One possibility is that GMOs may crossbreed with wild plants or animals. A second is that favorable traits could allow GMOs to take over a population. It is easy to speculate how these situations would lead to changes in genetic diversity, but have they ever been observed with GMOs growing today? The ability for different species to mate, also known as hybridization, has allowed for the vast diversity of wild plant types we see in the environment today. However, this process is not restricted to wild plants and can occur between any type of plant, including wild crops and GMOs, if they are reproductively compatible.
When GM plants are in close proximity with wild plants, they can cross-pollinate, producing a hybrid version of the two. Typically, natural hybridization has a positive impact on genetic diversity because it introduces new gene combinations into a population. However, opponents to GMOs are concerned that if modified genes are introduced into wild plant populations by hybridization, they could impart a fitness advantage in the hybrid species, meaning that the hybrid species would be better able to reproduce. This fitness advantage would lead to the engineered gene being maintained in the population and thus reduce the genetic diversity of the wild species. One example of hybridization between GM crops and wild species has been documented in creeping bentgrass commonly used on golf courses.
Scotts Miracle-Gro genetically engineered this grass to contain a gene that confers resistance to a common herbicide so that the golf course can be sprayed to kill weeds without harm to the grass. Because this grass is wind-pollinated, a perennial, and highly capable of outcrossing with related wild species, researchers decided to investigate wild grass in close proximity for the presence of the herbicide resistance gene. The researchers collected seeds from wild plants at varied distances from the origin of the grass farm and used herbicides to detect tolerant plants.
They confirmed the presence of the herbicide resistant gene in wild grass up to 9 miles from its origin only one year after the grass was planted [2,3,4]. This distance is very surprising because most hybridization events have been reported between plants that are less than a mile apart. It is clear from this study that genetic modifications can be transferred to wild species through hybridization; however, future investigations will need to be performed in order to differentiate whether the genetic modification increases the fitness of wild species or if these hybridizations are a natural result of planting a large grass farm in close proximity to wild species. Studies of creeping bentgrass uncovered clear hybridization events between GM crops and wild grass; however, it is important to recognize that cross-pollination is not equally likely for all crops.
Many crops commonly cultivated in the US, such as corn, soybeans, and cotton, are not perennials and do not have wild relatives growing in close proximity. It is clear from this study that understanding the reproductive behavior of a GM crop and the function of its genetic modification is very important before introducing it into the wild. Figure 2. Spreading of GM creeping bentgrass into wild populations. To investigate potential hybridization events between GM creeping bentgrass A.
Hybridization was tested by growing seeds from wild A. The researchers found seeds with the genetic modifications at 13 of the 39 locations red dots , including one location 9 miles from the GM bentgrass farm. The GM positive seeds at all locations were less than 0. Adapted from Watrud et al. In addition to crossbreeding, GMOs can also affect genetic diversity through uncontrolled growth of a genetically engineered population. If advantageous genes are introduced into GMOs, it may allow them to become more fit than their wild relatives.
This situation would be detrimental because the GMOs would grow faster and reproduce more often, allowing them to take resources away from non-GMO relatives if they inhabit the same environment. One GM animal where uncontrolled growth is a concern is a fast-growing Atlantic salmon engineered by AquaBounty technologies to reach market weight in half the time as their standard relatives. AquaBounty introduced two sequences of DNA into these salmon. The first codes a growth hormone from the related Chinook salmon that stimulates growth, and the second is a sequence that activates the growth hormone year-round and not just in warm weather [4,6]. The combination of these two DNA sequences allows these fish to develop at a dramatically increased rate, and many are concerned about what would happen if they escaped into the wild.
Some believe that engineered salmon will continue to grow at a faster rate in the wild. However, others suspect that because the engineered salmon have traits that were not developed by natural selection, they will not be perfectly adapted to the wild environment, resulting in similar or even reduced fitness compared to wild relatives in their natural habitat.
In one study performed in a similar transgenic salmon, it was shown that fish with a genetically modified growth hormone actually grow at a much closer rate to wild fish in a tank that simulates a natural stream-like habitat compared to a conventional hatchery tank . Despite studies like this, it is not possible to conclude whether this is the case for all types of genetically engineered salmon or whether it will hold true in the wild .
Therefore, to prevent GM salmon from propagating in the wild, AquaBounty uses both physical and biological methods of containment. Figure 3. Growth of genetically engineered salmon depends on the environment. One study with genetically engineered coho salmon investigated the growth of GM and non-GM salmon in hatcheries verses a simulated natural environment. They found that the GM salmon are almost three times the length of non-GM salmon reared for one year in a hatchery environment. However, after one year of growth in a simulated natural environment, GM salmon are only about 1.
Some approaches for preventing hybridization of plants involve methods that make the second generation of seeds sterile or dependent on a chemical for fertility. Other approaches prevent the spread of genetically modified material by requiring that two GMO plants must be crossed in order for the offspring to contain the advantageous trait. Some researchers have even completely recoded the genome of bacteria to include synthetic amino acids that are not present in the wild [9,10].
This approach, if adapted to crops treated with synthetic amino acids in an enclosed area, is a powerful tool because it significantly limits the chance that GM plants will escape dependence on the synthetic amino acids or be able to share its DNA with non-GM species. We have learned from evolution that organisms are capable of developing a large variety of advantageous traits through natural genetic mutations and hybridizations. By manipulating this system, scientists are still uncovering how genetically engineered modifications affect the natural environment. Many of the concerns with genetic diversity in agriculture are not restricted to GMOs, as standard crop cultivation faces very similar issues.
Therefore, it is imperative that researchers continue to study the impact of GMOs and agricultural practices on genetic diversity and discover new ways to minimize their influence on biodiversity. Heather Landry is a Ph. Gibbons, A. May The Huffington Post. Watrud, S. September, PNAS. Pollack, A. Reichman, J. Establishment of transgenic herbicide-resistant creeping bentgrass Agrostis stolonifera L. December, New York TImes. Debating Genetically Modified Salmon. Gene—environment interactions influence ecological consequences of transgenic animals. My pet dog essay for class 6 in english. Essay on why student athletes should be paid What is an argument in essay writing ratifying the constitution essay conclusion.
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