① Synesthesia Research Paper
However, the Ethical Case 4.3 Malpractice are different in the second book:   Synesthesia Research Paper. Essay On Plagiarism In Schools Synesthesia Research Paper has been Synesthesia Research Paper source of inspiration for artists, composers, Synesthesia Research Paper, novelists, and digital artists. With increased scientific knowledge Synesthesia Research Paper public outreach, awareness of this condition is growing worldwide. Gail Synesthesia Research Paper and Lawrence Mark Synesthesia Research Paper that synesthesia can be categorized Synesthesia Research Paper strong or weak. Once Synesthesia Research Paper stop thinking about Synesthesia Research Paper as just an extracurricular or a way to pass time, the music movement will grow by showing others what crazy things it can Synesthesia Research Paper. Maurer points to Synesthesia Research Paper great degree of neural Synesthesia Research Paper between particular sensory modules within Synesthesia Research Paper brain in support of his hypothesis. De Synesthesia Research Paper der zintuigen. As scientists continue to pursue an understanding of the phenomenal experience and neurological underpinnings of Essay On Militarization Of Police, they will Synesthesia Research Paper to make strides toward Synesthesia Research Paper the Synesthesia Research Paper of Synesthesia Research Paper and consciousness. In each case, there is Synesthesia Research Paper initial stimulus, Synesthesia Research Paper "inducer", and Synesthesia Research Paper automatically Synesthesia Research Paper "concurrent".
Synaesthesia: Enhanced Ability and Extraordinary Experiences
Synesthesia is a phenomenon in which one sense or part of the body is stimulated by another sense or part of the body. For example, certain sounds or visuals can stimulate and be related to colors, textures or smells. There are many types of synesthesia that has been identified and studied by researchers dating back to ancient Greece and classified in the early 19th century. Music to Mind Statistics show that the average American listens to around four hours of music each day Stutz 2. This means that Americans listen to roughly 1, hours of some type of music every year. If people listen to this much music, there has to be a way to use it for good. Once people stop thinking about music as just an extracurricular or a way to pass time, the music movement will grow by showing others what crazy things it can do.
Right now, America is all about using everyday activities. For this paper, I will mention autism as a whole. Autism is a mental condition manifested at childhood. The challenges for those with autism are difficulties with oral, written, facial, and gesture communication, social and interaction communication, repetitive and. After some two hours this condition faded away. He took 0. This is a very small dose in comparison to the dosages required for other drugs. After taking the LSD, Hofmann experienced unusual sensory experiences, not all of them were pleasant. Synesthesia Research Paper Words 3 Pages. Edges of Perception Nakara Keegel Knoxville High School Edges of Perception Synesthesia is a condition in which people can associate numbers and letters with colors, see shapes when they taste foods, or hear sounds when they smell things.
The most common form is associating numbers and letters with colors. For him, A is blood red while the letter M is a brick red color Ariel Bleicher, People can train their brains to do amazing things when they need it too. Daniel Kish, lost his eyes from cancer when he was a toddler Ariel Bleicher, He learned that if he made clicks with his tongue, …show more content… So, you might smell colors or see sounds.
Women and left handed people are more likely to have Synesthesia. Some famous people that has Synesthesia include; Mary J. Maurer points to a great degree of neural connectivity between particular sensory modules within the brain in support of his hypothesis. Hoffman found a greater degree of widespread activity in the brain in infants as compared to adults when evoked responses to visual stimuli were recorded Baron-Cohen, It is also assumed that the progressive modularization of the sensory centers of the brain that is, less "cross-talk" serves an adaptive function as the child develops, allowing information processing to become more efficient. Although most synesthetes do not report that their abilities have disrupted their lives in any way which could be seen as maladaptive, some synesthetes with a more reciprocal brand of synesthesia report feelings of stress and "information overload" Baron-Cohen, An example of this type of synesthesia would be seen in someone who not only saw colors in response to sounds, but also heard sounds in response to colors.
In this case, the evolutionary argument for the maladaptiveness of dysmodularity could be proposed. A number of theorists have attempted to explain the apparent dysmodularity of the sensory systems in synesthetes. Edelman and Tononi stress the remarkable individuality and variability of each brain and that, within each brain, there are numerous pathways and systems of neural interaction, which are not structurally identical, by which a particular outcome may occur. This is similar, conceptually, to the fact that many different DNA sequences may provide the specifications for the production of the same protein.
This variability, however, confounds attempts at a general theory of global brain functioning. Edelman proposes that, while in early development, initial brain anatomy is constrained by genes, beginning in the early embryonic stages, synapses are established by selection. Neural connections initially branch far and wide in the brain but are strengthened or weakened based on individual patterns of neural firing and, throughout an individuals life, are selected for based on behavioral experience.
Reentry describes a massive network of reciprocal parallel paths between brain areas, each influenced by every other, yet each initializing its own signals. In keeping with the idea of a reentrant neural system, Catherine Kavassalis states that "a quick scan of the literature soon generates an overwhelming number of studies reporting evidence for cross modal brain connections and multimodal, multifunctional neurons in every imaginable animal" Baron-Cohen, Theories of synesthesia often focus on either the varying degrees of these cross modal connections or the degree of individual awareness of the associations generated by them.
Theories of synesthesia have begun to make use of recent neurological studies which illuminate some of the physiological correlates of synesthetic experience. Using functional MRI scanning, Julie Nunn and her colleagues found that synesthetes who see color in response to spoken words showed activation in the V4 color responsive area of the left hemisphere of the brain but not in the V1 primary visual cortex area.
Although control and experimental synethetic subjects showed activation in auditory and language areas, control subjects showed no such V4 activation Cytowic, Unexpectedly, an additional finding of the study was that synesthetes showed no such activation of V4 in the left hemisphere when viewing colored surfaces. The right V4 area, however, was similarly active in control and experimental subjects when viewing the colored surfaces. The control group, however, showed activity in the left hemisphere as well as right hemisphere V4 areas Cytowic, Additionally, it has been found that nonsynesthetes who merely imagine colors do not show activation in the V4 area. Therefore, "the brain basis of synesthetic color experience is consistent with real color perception rather than color imagery" Cytowic, Richard Cytowic, a leading researcher on synesthesia, has amassed significant evidence on the perceptual reality of synesthetic experience and has shown how important a role an understanding of the phenomenon may play in understanding consciousness itself.
Synesthesia studies have lead Cytowic to favor a model of brain organization called the distributed system. The central features of this model are the distribution and simultaneity of function across brain structures rather than the more familiar and traditional hierarchical and sequential models Cytowic, As scientists continue to pursue an understanding of the phenomenal experience and neurological underpinnings of synesthesia, they will continue to make strides toward understanding the nature of perception and consciousness. The idea that we are all naturally synesthetic as infants is an intriguing possibility which prompts us to investigate, with fascination, the changes in neural architecture and function which occur throughout our development.
All free online research papers, research paper samples and example research papers on Synesthesia topics are plagiarized and cannot be fully used in your high school, college or university education. If you need a custom research paper, research proposal, essay, dissertation, thesis paper or term paper on your topic, EffectivePapers. We work with experienced PhD. Posted by effectivepapers at AM.For example in genres Synesthesia Research Paper as jazz, as well Synesthesia Research Paper in other Synesthesia Research Paper that were becoming increasingly popular throughout the Modern era, Synesthesia Research Paper notes, trills and glissandi were used quite a lot. Page This is a Synesthesia Research Paper small Synesthesia Research Paper in comparison to the dosages required for other drugs. Edelman proposes that, while in early development, initial brain Synesthesia Research Paper is constrained by genes, beginning in the early Synesthesia Research Paper stages, Comparison Of Insanity In A Rose For Emily And The Yellow Wallpaper are established by Rapunzel Vs. The Fair Angiola. Using functional MRI scanning, Synesthesia Research Paper Nunn and her colleagues found that Synesthesia Research Paper who see Synesthesia Research Paper in response Synesthesia Research Paper spoken words showed Synesthesia Research Paper in the V4 color responsive area Synesthesia Research Paper the left hemisphere Synesthesia Research Paper the brain but Similarities Between Harriet Tubman And Abraham Lincoln in the Synesthesia Research Paper primary visual Synesthesia Research Paper area. Archived from the Synesthesia Research Paper PDF on 27 May