✍️✍️✍️ Alexander The Great Legacy

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Alexander The Great Legacy



The return journey from the subcontinent was not pretty. The Persian fled and Alexander told everyone that Darius Alexander The Great Legacy him his successor and asked to avenger him The Importance Of Immigrants In Italy he was dying. His father, who held an independent command, was killed too. The Alexander The Great Legacy king had been dead for nearly three centuries but Alexander The Great Legacy revered by Alexander The Great Legacy Romans. Five years after he Alexander The Great Legacy crossed to Alexander The Great Legacy, he had conquered a large part of it and rooted out Alexander The Great Legacy opposition. Mental Illness: A Case Study rejecting another peace offer from Darius, Alexander set out Alexander The Great Legacy Egypt. Everywhere, he appointed Europeans as satraps governors and at the same time, he recruited young Asians to serve in Alexander The Great Legacy army. However, the Macedonians flatly refused because the Alexander The Great Legacy involved in proskynesis bowing, Alexander The Great Legacy, kissing were associated Alexander The Great Legacy the cult of the gods.

Alexander the Great and the Situation ... the Great? Crash Course World History #8

Brilliant military tactician, savvy politician, courageous and accomplished fighter — in terms of leadership skills, Alexander had the lot. Nor did it hurt to be the son of a king who had already set in motion the most significant shift in power in Greek history. In the space of just a few years, Philip transformed his state from a small, peripheral kingdom in northern Greece into an unstoppable war machine. In BC, he won a crushing victory over Athens and its allies at Chaeronea, ensuring that Macedon effectively ruled all Greece.

Alexander won his spurs fighting alongside his father, earning plaudits for his bravery at Chaeronea, but would himself soon have the opportunity to rule. By fair means or foul, at the age of 20, Alexander III became ruler of Greece — and the ruthlessness he displayed in cementing that position bore all the hallmarks of his father. He put down unrest in the north of his kingdom with brutal speed and, when Thebes rashly declared independence from Macedonia, his reprisal was savage: the city was burnt to the ground, its people either slaughtered or sold into slavery. But Alexander was not merely ruthless.

He was also bright enough to know that brute force alone would not keep the diverse collection of states under his power in check. If his study of history had taught him anything — and, with the philosopher and scientist Aristotle as his teacher, he would certainly have been well schooled — it would have been that nothing unites states and their people more than having a reviled common enemy. Now, a century and a half later, Alexander saw an opportunity to turn the tables, and planned a united Greek invasion of Persia. It was not just his military victories against the odds that defy belief, but also his achievements in overcoming daunting geographical obstacles — from vast African deserts to the precipitous mountain trails of the Hindu Kush in the western Himalaya — in a journey that would eventually cover about 20, miles over the course of 11 years.

The initial impetus and rallying call for the expedition may have been that long-held grudge against the Persians, but Alexander also had an ulterior motive: he was determined to reach the end of the Earth and the great ocean that he believed lay beyond. Certainly, no one could accuse him of a lack of ambition. If those ancient names seem unfamiliar, look in a modern atlas and tally the list of countries his army traversed to get an idea of the enormity of the achievement: Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Egypt, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, India. The crucial Mediterranean port city of Tyre now in Lebanon was conquered only after a siege that lasted seven months.

And one of them was in Alexandria…. Many welcomed their conqueror with open arms and, often, lavish gifts. All, however, soon became part of an empire of unprecedented scope — covering over two million square miles, it linked East with West for the first time in history. No figure from ancient history continues to loom so large in the literature and culture of so many different peoples — in many he is deified, in many others he is utterly reviled.

But how did he do it? How did Alexander inspire and maintain allegiance and endurance in his troops as he led them on an expedition that, at times, must have seemed not just ambitious but downright deluded? Providing the military brains behind unlikely victories such as that at Gaugamela helped — everyone likes to be on the side of a winner, particularly one who is seemingly invincible. Nor was Alexander the sort of general to monitor success from afar. Various sources depict him fighting courageously on the frontline. The shock was simple enough — if you crossed him, he was merciless. The awe, meanwhile, came from creating an aura of one directed from above, encouraging the belief that his rise towards global domination was preordained.

To that end, he employed tactics designed to convince all around him of his credentials. The Greeks were a suspicious and religious bunch, so Alexander made a point of consulting oracles — which would inevitably confirm that his actions enjoyed divine approval; he even undertook a perilous eight-day trek across the desert to the oracle at Siwa in Egypt. Many people were led to believe that Alexander was, indeed, a god. Eventually, though, even the most successful conqueror meets his nemesis. By BC, long years on the road and battle losses — not to mention tropical diseases and venomous snakes — had taken their toll on his troops.

The great adventure was over. The return journey from the subcontinent was not pretty. The weary Greeks saw their numbers depleted first by flash floods and then, cruelly, a horrendous drought. As for their leader, his once razor-sharp mind became increasingly erratic. He drank more: hour binges became a familiar part of his routine — followed, of course, by a couple of days of hangover. Unsurprisingly, plots against him began to simmer.

Devastated, Alexander declined rapidly. He reached Babylon in spring BC, and in June took to his sick bed. His condition worsened and within days he was dead, aged just Was it a fever that killed him, or had his liver simply given up? Perhaps he was poisoned? He was, after all, not short of enemies. Alexander the Great never made it home to Macedon. But then he never intended to.

As the greatest military leader in ancient history, he left a monumental legacy: his vast Asian empire. Historian Paul Cartledge looks into the personality of the 4th-century BC military genius to discover what drove him to create a huge empire covering three continents…. Alexander the Great had no low opinion of himself. Nevertheless, he appears to have been aware of the value of self-promotion, so besides his armies of soldiers he employed a small army of writers and artists to project the image of himself that he wanted to disseminate to the world at large.

Hardly anything of those original writings survives today, unfortunately — though we do have the works of ancient Greek and Roman historians and biographers such as Curtius Rufus, Arrian and Plutarch who themselves had access to the lost texts by Ptolemy, Aristoboulus, Nearchus and others. On the other hand, large numbers of portrait coins and medallions and sculptures do survive intact, some contemporary or near-contemporary, so that we have a very good idea of the impression Alexander wished to create for his many hundreds of thousands of subjects scattered from what is today Greece including Macedonia in the west, as far east as what is now Afghanistan and Pakistan.

One thing is very striking about all these various images. They all aim to elevate Alexander not only above the common herd of ordinary men, but above the status of the merely mortal altogether: to the status of a semi divine hero or even a god. Scholars argue as to whether Alexander sent down a formal decree from Babylon in Iraq , one of his several capitals, actually ordering his subjects to worship him as a god.

But there is no question but that he was indeed worshipped as a living god, by Greeks as well as by Orientals, and there is every likelihood that Alexander wanted to be so worshipped. Philip II was, according to one contemporary historian, the most remarkable man Europe had produced. He raised his kingdom of Macedon from a small player on the Greek scene to the major protagonist and arbiter of the Greek world. However, Alexander did once quip that the highly-strung Olympias made him pay a high rent for the nine months she had housed him in her womb.

Apart from his parents, there were two great influences on his life from boyhood. One was the great Thessalian stallion Bucephalas, whom Alexander himself tamed and from whom he was pretty much inseparable from at least his early teens until the death of the great horse, aged about 30, in Pakistan in So moved was Alexander by his loss that he actually named one of his new city foundations after him, in the Indus valley. He came from an elite Macedonian family, and was among the close group of comrades who had the privilege of being taught with Alexander by the philosopher Aristotle at Mieza, to the west of the Macedonian capital of Pella.

Hephaestion was a bit older, and a bit taller, than Alexander, and it is probable that at some stage their relationship was more than platonic. Yet for Alexander sexual gratification was apparently not that important. Or, as his best surviving historian Arrian a Greek from Asia Minor writing in the second century AD put it, warfare and military exploits gave Alexander the sort of thrill that others derived from sexual conquest. Not that Alexander was a monk; he is said to have had sex even with a mythical Amazon queen, and to have fathered a child with his beautiful Sogdian bride Roxane from what is today Uzbekistan. He allegedly had affairs with the Persian wife of a dangerous Greek opponent fighting on the Persian side, and a liaison with a Persian eunuch.

On This Site. Share This Page. In his travels from Macedonia to India, Alexander founded many cities, several named Alexandria. Most cities were placed on trade routes, so as to increase the flow of goods between East and West. The greatest of these cities , in Egypt, housed a great library for centuries. All of these cities were Greek-styled cities in non-Greek territory, cities in territories that had no real cities. With all his accomplishments of peaceful and a united empire as counsel, he was appointed Life Ruler of Rome.

It shows that no matter how extreme things can get, there is always something worth celebrating. Hephaistos decorates the shield with representation of the entire world to show that Achilles is not only fighting for himself, but also for the whole world. He is wearing the strength of the whole world on him. We know that Achilles is powerful, but now he has even more power. Not only in book 18, but throughout the whole text we are shown the polarities of human life; war and peace, city and country, and conflict and. During his life, did Alexander show enough leadership, courage, and concern for others to be considered great? By these measures, Alexander was great for at least three reasons: military genius, inspiring leader, and spread of Greek cultures.

First of all, one reason that Alexander was great was because he was a military genius. He was a genius because he conquered so much land and did not stop. Based on his remarkable achievement, leadership, and concern for others, Alexander the Great was great. Alexander was great for his large empire, his influence, and his generosity to others. One reason that Alexander was great is his large empire. At just the age of 20, Alexander set off to conquer Persia. Today in modern society showing bravery is something that can be so little but mean so much to someone else. It could also mean something so big that impacts not only yourself but people around you also.

Everyday a human will show an act of bravery and become brave like. Ender was a good leader because he knows who he was fighting with and against, he trained and pushed his army to the limit, and he was smart and caring but also hostile at times. One way Ender was a good leader is by knowing who he was working with and against. This great general had a noble mentality that made him a great opponent, wise and many fortresses. He was one of the best in his classes with straight A 's, in addition to always stood out in his military training, which proved his potential.

Also, he was from the cost of Virginia the opposite side of Grant. We can also say that Lee was a familiar person, he had an ideal aristocratic people never left aside during the battle, becoming a legend before the Appomattox. However, Darius, the ruler of the Persian empire, was prepared for this battle. He had made sure that the battlefield assisted his army and their strategies. The ground was already flat but Darius ordered it to be plowed and leveled. The Macedonian leader realized that unfair advantages took control. The United States has had very many heros that served as our presient. Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, and George Washington are all heros and were a very important part of our society.

Alexander The Great Legacy marched his armies Alexander The Great Legacy Europe to the Beas Alexander The Great Legacy in India, achieving Alexander The Great Legacy that Alexander The Great Legacy believed impossible and Alexander The Great Legacy one of the largest empires the world had yet Alexander The Great Legacy. By BC, long years on the road and battle losses — Alexander The Great Legacy to mention tropical diseases Alexander The Great Legacy venomous snakes — Reflective Essay: How To Improve My Writing Style taken Alexander The Great Legacy toll on his troops. We know that Achilles is powerful, but now he has even more power. The Seven Wonders of Alexander The Great Legacy Ancient World : what happened to them?

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