🔥🔥🔥 Death Of Prince Carmen Jones Analysis

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Death Of Prince Carmen Jones Analysis

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Even if we did have definitive and complete data sources on the characteristics of all mass shooting incidents, it is still likely to be exceedingly difficult to identify useful predictors of mass shootings. With the exception of male sex, risk factors that appear to be overrepresented among mass shooters relative to the general population are often still uncommon among offenders on an absolute level. Thus, even if one could find a way to prevent individuals with a documented serious mental illness from committing a mass shooting—for example, developing and delivering effective treatments to more than 10 million Americans Bose et al. Researchers are exploring novel machine learning approaches to using information on domestic violence dispatches or patterns of firearm acquisition for violence risk prediction Berk and Sorenson, ; Laqueur and Wintemute, , although the value of these approaches for predicting mass violence is still unknown.

Other approaches focused on reducing the lethality of mass shootings may be effective in mitigating the harms of some incidents, even if the approaches do not prevent the occurrence of such incidents. Finally, even if states and other jurisdictions developed and implemented policies that prevented mass shootings, there are several statistical challenges that make it unlikely that researchers will be able to demonstrate statistically significant benefits of the effective policies.

The assumptions underlying many of the approaches commonly used to evaluate the effects of gun policies are likely not to be met when assessing effects on mass shooting incidence or lethality. The rare nature of mass shootings, and particularly mass public shootings, seriously limits statistical power for detecting policy effects, and studies that find statistically significant associations of policies with mass shootings may greatly overestimate the magnitude of these effects. However, these difficulties should not impede policymakers from trying to develop and implement better policies.

Mass shootings are tragic, traumatic, and shocking events. Because of that, they attract media attention and galvanize public opinion. However, they represent a very small fraction of the homicides in the United States. Improved treatment for mental health problems or suicidality might reduce certain types of mass shootings, but such policies may also reduce far more-common forms of homicide, suicide, and crime and may also improve economic productivity and social well-being. Similarly, policies aimed at reducing domestic violence or preventing crime are worth pursuing for those benefits, and they may also reduce the incidence of some types of mass shootings i.

Focusing efforts on implementing public policies that reduce violence more broadly, rather than making policy decisions based only on the most-extreme forms of such violence, may not eliminate mass shootings but may reduce their occurrence and lethality and ultimately save more lives. View the full project bibliography. Rosanna Smart and Terry L. Updated April 15, Notes Various studies adopt different terminology for mass shooting events that occur in public locations and in which victims are selected indiscriminately. Because most of the studies described in this report use the term mass public shooting as opposed to public mass shooting , for example , when referring to these types of events, we use that term.

For further discussion specific to school shootings, see Elsass, Schildkraut, and Stafford and Levine and McKnight Namely, a mass shooting incident and its associated casualties are typically delineated as a shooting of multiple victims simultaneously or over a relatively short period of time and in close geographic proximity. However, in most existing data sets Table 1 , there is ambiguity over what constitutes a relatively short period of time or close geographic proximity.

Although the FBI has definitions to distinguish mass murder one event, one location , spree murder one event, two or more locations, without the offender "cooling off" emotionally between murders , and serial murder separate events, with the offender "cooling off" emotionally between homicidal events , it is somewhat unclear the extent to which existing mass shooting databases differ in how they classify or count events based on time frame or geographic distance parameters.

For further discussion, see Krouse and Richardson The number of participating jurisdictions also varies greatly over time, from almost all agencies in only three states in Reaves, , to 7, agencies in 42 states and Washington, D. Thus, an incident in which an offender killed three members of his or her family and one stranger might be classified as a familicide or a mass public shooting depending on who is listed as the first victim in the SHR. Several methods for imputing missing item data in the SHR have been developed and are discussed in detail in Wadsworth and Roberts and Roberts, Roberts, and Wadsworth Data cover the United States and come from multiple sources, including FBI reporting, official law enforcement investigative data, publicly available sources e.

Thus, the more than threefold surge in mass shooting incidents from to shown in the Stanford data likely reflects increased online reporting and not necessarily a true increase in the rate of mass shootings. There are no benchmarks for prevalence that use the methods of post-incident diagnosis that are used with mass shooters. Although estimates vary depending on the period of analysis, data source, and definitions applied, approximately 40 to 60 percent of mass public shooters died by suicide Duwe, , ; Lankford, ; Fridel, Estimates are comparable for familicide mass shootings or mass killings but are far lower less than 5 percent for felony-related mass shootings or mass killings Duwe, ; Fridel, If mass public shootings are defined more narrowly as incidents with four or more victims killed, school shootings were very rare prior to the s and constituted 11 percent of all mass public shootings from to Duwe, Under the broader definition used by Capellan et al.

In state and federal gun laws, the term generally refers to specific semiautomatic firearm models that are designed to fire a high volume of ammunition in a controlled way or that have specified design features, such as folding stocks or pistol grips. For further discussion, see Koper and Klarevas In conventional estimation of these models, states that do not experience an incident over the study time frame do not enter the log-likelihood.

In some studies of high-fatality mass public shootings, this applies to nearly half of the states in the sample. For a summary of this discussion, see Koper , p. Adler, W. Bielke, D. Doi, and J. Ahmedani, Brian K. Hunkeler, Ursula Whiteside, Belinda H. Operskalski, M. Justin Coffey, and Leif I. Albert, Adelin, and John A. Aldrich, John H. Allcott, Hunt, Benjamin B. Anderson, D. Mark, and Joseph J. Aneja, Abhay, John J. Anestis, M. Anestis, Michael D. Appleby, Louis, John A. Dennehy, Christopher S. Thomas, E. Arria, Amelia M. Winick, Laura M. Garnier-Dykstra, Kathryn B. Vincent, Kimberly M. Caldeira, Holly C. Wilcox, and Kevin E. Avraham, Jacob B. Frangos, and Charles J. Ayres, Ian, and John J. Azrael, D. Braga, and M. Azrael, Deborah, Philip J.

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Durlauf, S. Wilson, ed. Eck, J. Elbogen, Eric B. TSG, tumour suppressor gene. Correlative genetic alteration analysis identified numerous pairwise significant findings Supplementary Information section 7 and Supplementary Fig. Chromosome 11q22 was focally but rarely amplified in the absence of co-amplification of 11q This novel finding suggests that the selection pressure for this co-amplification stems from the interaction of BIRC2 with FADD and the caspase cascade that inhibits cell death. Notably, the vast majority of tumours with the 11q13 amplification had large deletions in the telomeric region of 11q22, including other genes known to be important in cell death in cancer such as ATM and CASP1 , 4 , 5 and We investigated whether clinical factors, single gene alterations and statistically significant pairwise gene correlations Supplementary Fig.

Collectively, these findings suggest that the NFE2L2 oxidative stress pathway is a tobacco-related signature across anatomic tumour sites. By contrast, the basal subtype demonstrated inactivation of NOTCH1 with intact oxidative stress signalling and fewer alterations of chromosome 3q. These findings along with HRAS mutations implicate disrupted cell death as a major alteration in this subtype 36 Supplementary Fig.

The atypical subtype was characterized by a lack of chromosome 7 amplifications Supplementary Fig. By contrast, the mesenchymal subtype showed high levels of alteration in innate immunity genes, in particular high expression of natural killer cell marker CD56 and a low frequency of HLA class I mutations Supplementary Fig. Methylation probe location of CpG islands, shores and shelves are shown on the left of b.

Annotation shows HPV status and subtype 16, 33 and CN, copy number. However, within the broader cross-platform agreement, individual unsupervised clustering of miRNA, reverse-phase protein arrays and DNA methylation data provided insight into the association of molecular subtypes with single gene alterations. The most notable example was the detection of hypomethylation and loss-of-function mutations of NSD1 , and wild-type NOTCH1 in atypical and classical gene expression subtypes Fig. Let-7c-5p and miRp were decreased in tumours compared to normal Supplementary Fig.

For these miRNAs, deletion was highly associated with increased expression of target genes, including the cell cycle regulator CDK6 , transcription factor E2F1 ref. Integrative bioinformatics analysis identified a limited number of pathways targeted by frequent genome alterations Fig. Further downstream, nearly every tumour has alteration of genes governing the cell cycle. Also see Supplementary Fig. Pathway alterations include homozygous deletions, focal amplifications and somatic mutations.

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Cancer 62 , — Dotto, G. Crosstalk of Notch with p53 and p63 in cancer growth control. Cancer 9 , — Download references. Supported by The Bobby F. The Eli and Edythe L. Michael S. Cherniack, Peter S. Hammerman, Aaron D. Ojesina, Scott L. Carter, Travis I. Zack, Steven E. Schumacher, Rameen Beroukhim, Samuel S. Gabriel, Michael S. Lawrence, Peter S. Holt, Steven J. Jones, Darlene Lee, Haiyan I. Li, Marco A. Marra, Michael Mayo, Richard A. Moore, Andrew J. Mungall, A. Gordon Robertson, Jacqueline E. The "new" release was already in wide circulation as a bootleg. Prince pushed to have his next album, The Gold Experience , released simultaneously with Love Symbol— era material. The release reached No.

When released in September , The Gold Experience reached the top 10 of the Billboard initially. The album is not currently in print due to an ongoing plagiarism case relating to "The Most Beautiful Girl in the World" outlined below, with digital distributors excluding the song in question from the album. Bergonzi and Vicino won on appeal in The third and final sentence, by the Court of Cassation of Rome, was dated May , although the international case is ongoing. Chaos and Disorder , released in , was Prince's final album of new material for Warner Bros. Free of any further contractual obligations to Warner Bros.

It is the first Prince record featuring covers of other artists' songs: Joan Osborne 's top ten hit song of " One of Us "; [] " Betcha by Golly Wow! Prince released Crystal Ball , a five-CD collection of unreleased material, in The distribution of this album was disorderly, with some fans pre-ordering the album on his website up to a year before it was shipped; these pre-orders were delivered months after the record had gone on sale in retail stores. The retail edition has only four discs, as it is missing the Kamasutra disc. There are also two different packaging editions for retail; one is a four-disc sized jewel case with a white cover and the Love Symbol in a colored circle while the other contains all four discs in a round translucent snap jewel case.

The discs are the same, as is the CD jacket. The Newpower Soul album was released three months later. A few months earlier, Warner Bros. The pay-per-view concert, Rave Un2 the Year , was broadcast on December 31, , and consisted of footage from the December 17 and 18 concerts of his tour. It was released to home video the following year. In a press conference, he stated that after being freed from undesirable relationships associated with the name "Prince", he would revert to using his real name. Nevertheless, Prince continued to use the symbol as a logo and on album artwork and to play a Love Symbol—shaped guitar.

In , Warner Bros. In , Prince released his first live album, One Nite Alone During this time, Prince sought to engage more effectively with his fan base via the NPG Music Club , pre-concert sound checks, and at yearly "celebrations" at Paisley Park, his music studios. Fans were invited into the studio for tours, interviews, discussions and music-listening sessions. Some of these fan discussions were filmed for an unreleased documentary , directed by Kevin Smith. The US chart success was assisted by the CDs being included as part of the concert ticket purchase, thereby qualifying each CD as chart rules then stood to count toward US chart placement. Rolling Stone ranked Prince No.

In late , Prince signed with Universal Music to release his album, , on March 21, The immediate success of gave Prince his first No. To promote the new album, Prince was the musical guest on Saturday Night Live on February 4, , 17 years after his last SNL appearance on the 15th anniversary special, and nearly 25 years since his first appearance on a regular episode in Despite these events occurring on the same day, Prince's attorney stated that the site did not close due to the trademark dispute.

He performed weekly on Friday and Saturday nights until April , when his contract with the Rio ended. The double-disc set contains one CD of previous hits, and another of extended versions and mixes of material that had largely only previously been available on vinyl record B-sides. That same year, Prince wrote and performed a song for the hit animated film Happy Feet The song, " The Song of the Heart ", appears on the film's soundtrack , which also features a cover of Prince's earlier hit "Kiss", sung by Nicole Kidman and Hugh Jackman. The event was carried to million television viewers, his biggest ever audience.

Featuring Maceo Parker in his band, Prince's residency at the O 2 Arena was increased to 15 nights after all , tickets for the original seven sold out in 20 minutes, [] before it was then further extended to 21 nights. Prince performed with Sheila E. On June 28, , the Mail on Sunday stated that it had made a deal to give Prince's new album, Planet Earth , away for free with the paper, making it the first place in the world to get the album. This move sparked controversy among music distributors and also led the UK arm of Prince's distributor, Sony BMG , to withdraw from distributing the album in UK stores.

On July 7, , Prince returned to Minneapolis to perform three shows. Days after, he headlined the Coachella Festival. Prince gave them a CD with four songs to premiere on their radio station. On January 3, , the new website LotusFlow3r. On January 31, Prince released two more songs on LotusFlow3r. On October 11, , he gave two surprise concerts at the Grand Palais. On October 24, Prince played a concert at Paisley Park. In January , Prince released a lyric video for a new song called "Screwdriver".

Beginning with intimate shows, the first was held at the London home of singer Lianne La Havas , followed by two performances of what Prince described as a "sound check" at the Electric Ballroom in Camden , [] and another at Shepherd's Bush Empire. He re-signed with his former label, Warner Bros. Records after an year split. Warner announced that Prince would release a remastered deluxe edition of Purple Rain in to celebrate the 30th anniversary of the album. In return, Warner gave Prince ownership of the master recordings of his recordings with the company. This involved Prince's Twitter followers keeping an avid eye on second-by-second information as to the whereabouts of his shows.

Many of these shows would only be announced on the day of the concert, and many of these concerts involved two performances: a matinee and an evening show. After his London dates, he moved on to other European cities. In May Prince began his 'Hit N Run Part Two' shows, which followed a more normal style of purchasing tickets online and being held in music arenas. In Spring , he launched NPG Publishing, a music company to administer his own music and that of other artists without the restrictions of mainstream record companies.

In May , following the death of Freddie Gray and the subsequent riots , Prince released a song, "Baltimore", in tribute to Gray and in support of the protesters in that city. Prince's penultimate album, Hit n Run Phase One , was first made available on September 7, , on the music streaming service Tidal before being released on CD and for download on September He performed a series of warm-up shows at Paisley Park in late January and the tour commenced in Melbourne, Australia, on February 16, , to critical acclaim.

The tour continued to the United States but was cut abruptly short by illness in April Prince saw Michael T. Schulenberg, a Twin Cities specialist in family medicine , in Excelsior on April 7, , and again on April Once he became conscious, he left against medical advice. On April 20, , Prince's representatives called Howard Kornfeld, a California specialist in addiction medicine and pain management , seeking medical help for the star. Kornfeld scheduled to meet with him on April 22, and he contacted a local physician who cleared his schedule for a physical exam on April The caller initially told the dispatcher that an unidentified person at the home was unconscious, then moments later said he was dead, and finally identified the person as Prince.

They pronounced him dead at am, 19 minutes after their arrival. Following an autopsy performed by Dr. Quinn Strobl, a protege of Janis Amatuzio , [] his remains were cremated. As of his death, the twice-divorced Prince was neither married nor known to have fathered any surviving children. Under Minnesota law, in the absence of a will, this meant that, in addition to his full sister, Prince's five half-siblings also had a claim to an estate totaling millions of dollars in cash as well as real estate, stocks, and cars. Prince's ashes were placed into a custom 3D-printed urn shaped like the Paisley Park estate. However, his estate remained unsettled.

Numerous musicians and cultural figures reacted to Prince's death. Nielsen Music reported that sales of his material spiked 42, percent. The May 2, , cover of The New Yorker featured an illustration of purple rain. It celebrated the star's life and achievements, with new photography and archive articles, including the original Vanity Fair article from November , written in the wake of the singer-songwriter's breakout success, with other content from the magazine, The New Yorker , Wired , and Pitchfork. In , Minnesota representative Joe Atkins introduced a bill in the state legislature to memorialize Prince with a statue in the National Statuary Hall in the United States Capitol , in recognition of his contributions to music and the state of Minnesota.

As of , however, the bill has not had a second reading. It contains one previously unreleased song, "Moonbeam Levels", recorded in during the sessions. On February 9, , Prince's estate signed a distribution deal with Universal Music Group , which includes the post recordings on his NPG Records label and unreleased tracks from his vault. After Universal's attorneys were granted access to the Warner contract, the attorneys also offered to cancel the deal. On April 19, an EP featuring six unreleased Prince recordings, Deliverance , was announced with an expected release date for later that week. It is the first Prince album to be remastered and reissued.

The Deluxe Expanded edition consists of two more discs, a disc with all the single edits, maxi-single edits, and B-sides from the Purple Rain era, and a DVD with a concert from the Purple Rain Tour filmed in Syracuse on March 30, , previously released on home video in On April 19, , the previously unreleased original recording of " Nothing Compares 2 U " from was released as a single by Warner Bros. Records in conjunction with Prince's estate.

In June, the Prince estate signed a distribution deal with Sony Music Entertainment , which includes the rights to all of Prince's studio albums, plus unreleased music, remixes, live recordings, music videos and B-sides from before The deal will immediately include Prince's albums from to On July 11, Heritage Auctions announced the auction of Prince's personal possessions to be conducted in Dallas, Texas, on July 21, A total of 27 items was announced to be put in the auction, including Prince's bible, stage worn clothing, and some personal documents. It is the first album released by the Prince estate with material from his archive, the Vault. The first three releases were Musicology , , and Planet Earth on limited edition purple vinyl and standard CD formats.

The album contains Prince's original versions of 15 songs he offered to other artists in the past. On September 13, The Versace Experience was reissued on purple vinyl and CD as well as on digital formats, [] together with reissues of Chaos and Disorder and Emancipation. On November 27, was reissued in Remastered, Deluxe, and Super Deluxe editions, the latter including 35 previously unreleased songs and two live concerts.

The Remastered edition contains a remaster of the original album discs one and two. The Deluxe edition contains the remaster and a third disc with all the single and maxi-single mixes as well as the B-sides. The Super Deluxe edition contains six additional discs: Three of them contain 45 previously unissued studio tracks, two discs contain the live audio concert recordings of the Sign o' the Times Tour at stadium Galgenwaard in Utrecht, The Netherlands, and the last disc is a DVD with the live video concert recordings of the New Year's Eve show at Paisley Park, that has been bootlegged prior to this release.

The video content is exclusive to the physical DVD and does not appear on digital download or streaming versions of the Super Deluxe Edition set. Prince is widely regarded as one of the greatest musicians of his generation. The Los Angeles Times called Prince "our first post-everything pop star, defying easy categories of race, genre and commercial appeal". As a performer, he was known for his flamboyant style and showmanship. But it also harks backwards in time to the origins of rock 'n' roll in racial mixture and sexual blurring".

In August , Pantone Inc. The shade is called Love Symbol 2 [] and is defined as Pantone color number [ citation needed ] , web palette 4F3D63 [ citation needed ] or RGB 79,61,99 [ citation needed ]. This performance was viewed as the pinnacle of their on-again, off-again partnership. Journalist Nik Cohn described him as "rock's greatest ever natural talent". Prince was also quick to embrace technology in his music, [] making pioneering use of drum machines like the Linn LM-1 on his early '80s albums and employing a wide range of studio effects.

Prince also wrote songs for other artists, and some songs of his were covered by musicians, such as the hit songs "Manic Monday" performed by The Bangles , " I Feel For You ", originally on Prince's self-titled second album from , covered by Chaka Khan , and " Nothing Compares 2 U ", written for Prince's side project the Family , and covered very successfully by Sinead O'Connor. Prince co-wrote " Love As a guitar virtuoso, Prince was also known to have a very stylish and flamboyant custom guitar collection, which consisted of guitars. The white version is prominently shown in the Purple Rain film and the "Raspberry Beret" video. The guitar that was used for the majority of Prince's music career was the H. Anderson Madcat guitar — a Telecaster copy created by Hohner.

Several versions of the guitar were used throughout his career — due to one being donated for charitable reasons, while one or more were stolen. In , during negotiations regarding the release of The Gold Experience , a legal battle ensued between Warner Bros. During the lawsuit, Prince appeared in public with the word "slave" written on his cheek. Prince sometimes used pseudonyms to separate himself from the music he had written, produced, or recorded, and at one point stated that his ownership and achievement were strengthened by the act of giving away ideas.

On September 14, , Prince announced that he was going to sue YouTube and eBay , because they hosted his copyrighted material, and he hired the international Internet policing company Web Sheriff. Prince's promoter AEG stated that the only offending items on the three fansites were live shots from Prince's 21 nights in London at the O2 Arena earlier in the year.

The song originally debuted on the PFU main site, [] was retitled " F. On November 14, the satirical website b3ta. At the Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival "Coachella Festival" , Prince performed a cover of Radiohead 's " Creep "; however, immediately afterward, he forced YouTube and other sites to remove footage that fans had taken of the performance despite Radiohead's request to leave it on the website.

In , he declared, "the internet is completely over", elaborating five years later that "the internet was over for anyone who wants to get paid In January , Prince filed a lawsuit titled Prince v. Chodera against 22 online users for direct copyright infringement, unauthorized fixation, contributory copyright infringement, and bootlegging. Prince was one of a small handful of musicians to deny "Weird Al" Yankovic permission to parody his music. By Yankovic's account, he'd done so "about a half-dozen times" and has been the sole artist not to give any explanation for his rejection beyond a flat "no". She stated that she after she escaped, he pursued her in his car, describing it as "the scariest thing I've seen in my life".

She also claimed that she knew one woman whom "he put in hospital for months". We became really close. He got to be in a family of three women, and we got to have our Prince. Not many people had that kind of relationship with him. They were married on February 14, , when he was 37 and she was Prince married Manuela Testolini, a Canadian businesswoman of Italian and Egyptian descent, in a private ceremony in ; she hails from Toronto , which led the couple to live there part-time. Prince was an animal rights activist who followed a vegan diet for part of his life, but later described himself as vegetarian. He did not consider it a conversion but a "realization", comparing it to Morpheus and Neo in The Matrix.

He attended meetings at a local Kingdom Hall and occasionally knocked on people's doors to discuss his faith. An unverified rumor was spread by tabloids that he would not undergo the operation because of his religious beliefs, which included a refusal to have blood transfusions. Prince did not speak publicly about his charitable endeavors; the extent of his activism, philanthropy, and charity was publicized after his death. In late March , Prince told an audience he was writing a memoir titled The Beautiful Ones , [] although its publication seemed unlikely with his death only a few weeks later.

Prince sold over million records worldwide, [] [] [] ranking him among the best-selling music artists of all time. Prince has been honored with a star on the outside mural of the Minneapolis nightclub First Avenue , [] recognizing performers that have played sold-out shows or have otherwise demonstrated a major contribution to the culture at the iconic venue. Originally painted silver like the other stars on the mural, Prince's star was repainted in gold leaf during the night of May 4, , about two weeks after Prince's death. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Death of Prince. American musician and actor — This article is about the American singer-songwriter.

Minneapolis, Minnesota , U. Chanhassen, Minnesota , U. Singer songwriter multi-instrumentalist record producer actor. Mayte Garcia. Manuela Testolini. It features an intro to a guitar solo and a Linn LM-1 drum machine , followed by a looped guttural vocal. Signature and custom guitars. Gold Fender Stratocaster???? Prince Symbol Purple 19?? Prince Symbol Gold 19?? Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Prince. See also: Albums produced by Prince and songs written by Prince. Main article: Prince videography. United States portal Christianity portal Pop music portal Fashion portal. The Washington Post. Retrieved January 23, Christian Science Monitor. April 22, ISSN Retrieved May 6, Retrieved February 12, The Free Dictionary.

Retrieved April 2, The Guardian. April 24, Retrieved March 9, Retrieved November 15, June 11, Cengage Learning, ISBN January Retrieved May 4, Archived from the original on November 5, Retrieved November 1, Archived from the original on February 25, Retrieved March 17, Retrieved June 7, The Huffington Post. All About Jazz. Retrieved June 14, Black Music Research Journal.

S2CID The Independent. September 1, Archived from the original on September 19, Retrieved April 25, Retrieved December 23, The Current. March 24, Retrieved December 11, ABC News. Retrieved May 1, Star Tribune. Archived from the original on May 4, Retrieved May 3, December 5, Dance Spirit. April 21, Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 23, April 26, Retrieved July 29, Rolling Stone. Retrieved May 7, Retrieved July 8, April 13, May 2, UCLA Newsroom. Archived from the original on May 3, Retrieved April 21, While he retains the publishing rights to all his songs, Warner Brothers owns the master tapes to the 20 albums preceding Emancipation.

Archived from the original on October 30, Retrieved July 18, Retrieved January 1, Archived from the original on August 7, Retrieved April 15, New York. October 9,

Grunwald, B. Lehnen, R. Shanklin, Katherine H.

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