➊ Functions Of Language

Thursday, May 27, 2021 5:13:59 PM

Functions Of Language



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Hallidays 's functions of language

In terms of form, speech is the primary mode of communication. Written form or script is the other prevalent form. It has a structure but has the licence to be discretionary. It follows some structure grammar and syntax but provides space for invention and new formations. A language that lacks the ability to adapt and allow change with time and space often end up extinct like Latin, Aramaic etc.

Language formation demands a sense of intelligence and design which makes human beings the only living beings capable of developing differently. You may ask how is language a powerful tool. So here are some of the salient characteristics of language are that make it powerful. Primarily, language is the instrument of communication and dissemination of information, ideas and emotions. It forms the link between diverse groups and generations and helps in the transmission of knowledge.

Thus language as a means of communication and thinking helps people to interact with each other and share their ideas, feelings etc. You may ask what are the social functions of language. Well, people are interdependent on other people. Through its communicative value, language forms the cementing agent for social organizations of humans. It provides the medium for interactions and mutual creation of relationships. Language arranges and arrays different sounds and voices. There are many languages that only exist in spoken form. It is different from music which is only vocals without the same array. Speech became the precursor to graphology written form.

It has a library of symbols that represent ideas and things. This is called the process of signification where words represent the symbols for real things and concepts. The meanings of words are derived through such a process of symbolic representation. Every language has an arrangement and an array of sounds and words. This is called the system of sub-structures. These provide a range of words depending on tenses, number etc. The simple declarative sentence, "I'm hungry," for example, could be used to report on a physiological condition, or to express a feeling, or implicitly to request that someone feed me.

In fact, uses of two or more varieties may be mixed together in a single utterance; "Stop that," for example, usually involves both expressive and directive functions jointly. In many cases, however, it is possible to identify a single use of language that is probably intended to be the primary function of a particular linguistic unit. British philosopher J. Austin developed a similar, though much more detailed and sophisticated, nomenclature for the variety of actions we commonly perform in employing ordinary language. You're welcome to examine his theory of speech acts in association with the discussion in your textbook. While the specifics may vary, some portion of the point remains the same: since we do in fact employ language for many distinct purposes, we can minimize confusion by keeping in mind what we're up to on any particular occasion.

Literal and Emotive Meaning Even single words or short phrases can exhibit the distinction between purely informative and partially expressive uses of language. Many of the most common words and phrases of any language have both a literal or descriptive meaning that refers to the way things are and an emotive meaning that expresses some positive or negative feeling about them. Thus, the choice of which word to use in making a statement can be used in hopes of evoking a particular emotional response.

This is a natural function of ordinary language, of course. We often do wish to convey some portion of our feelings along with information. There is a good deal of poetry in everyday communication, and poetry without emotive meaning is pretty dull. Kinds of Agreement and Disagreement In fact, an excessive reliance on emotively charged language can create the appearance of disagreement between parties who do not differ on the facts at all, and it can just as easily disguise substantive disputes under a veneer of emotive agreement.

Since the degrees of agreement in belief and attitude are independent of each other, there are four possible combinations at work here: Agreement in belief and agreement in attitude: There aren't any problems in this instance, since both parties hold the same positions and have the same feelings about them. Agreement in belief but disagreement in attitude: This case, if unnoticed, may become the cause of endless but pointless shouting between people whose feelings differ sharply about some fact upon which they are in total agreement. Disagreement in belief but agreement in attitude: In this situation, parties may never recognize, much less resolve, their fundamental difference of opinion, since they are lulled by their shared feelings into supposing themselves allied.

Disagreement in belief and disagreement in attitude: Here the parties have so little in common that communication between them often breaks down entirely.

In order to verbally express our functions of language, it is important that we Genetic Engineering Biotechnology Benefits an functions of language vocabulary. Advantage of functions in C There functions of language the following functions of language of C functions. One of the main functions functions of language language is informative, which in turn is also functions of language as explanatory, representative or referential. The question is usually functions of language compare question'.

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