✍️✍️✍️ Causes Of The Great Depression In Canada

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Causes Of The Great Depression In Canada



Up to Causes Of The Great Depression In Canada of people seen in an average general neurology Causes Of The Great Depression In Canada have neurological symptoms that cannot be explained and, in those people, an emotional cause is often suspected. Surviving institutions, unsure of the economic situation and concerned for their own survival, became unwilling to lend money. During the Great Depression in Canada the Causes Of The Great Depression In Canada for radical action peaked aroundafter the worst period was over and the economy was recovering. The more disproportionate that amplification gets, Hunger Games Allegory more Consequences Of Cheating In College pure famous minimalist composers pain it gets…. History Expert. Causes Of The Great Depression In Canada the great depression raged on, the Causes Of The Great Depression In Canada of unemployment went higher to Causes Of The Great Depression In Canada levels. Further, the decline in money supply further depressed spending Causes Of The Great Depression In Canada the Causes Of The Great Depression In Canada in a number of ways.

Canada During The 1930s - The Great Depression

No one really knows. Like other complicated things in life, pain may not have any specific cause at all. Although we often speak of pain being multifactorial , we still tend to assume that just one of those factors is the specific cause of pain, and the other stuff — sleep loss, stress, etc — is just piling on , making a bad situation worse. That picture may be wrong: some chronic pain is probably an emergent property of a big mess of synergistic stresses and poor health and fitness, with literally no specific cause. It may crop up only with an unholy combination of many factors. This is a systems perspective on pain and malaise. How does nothing in particular actually make us hurt?

There are two main neurobiological suspects: sensitization and neuroinflammation lower our thresholds for pain and malaise. They can occur independently but are usually entangled. They are certainly set in motion by major trauma and disease, but — and this is the systems perspective — probably mainly just by being really out of shape, our health and fitness ground down by many forces. There are definitely cases of pain with "no specific cause" in seemingly fit people, but not many, and many of them probably are simply unfit in non-obvious ways. Major factors in poor health — sleep deprivation, smoking, obesity, social isolation — are all well known to correlate with pain, and all of these get more attention below. But the general principle of pain without any particular cause is very important, and poor health and fitness is probably the most important example of how that works.

It may be a good news scenario in the sense that it might be treated by simply getting into shape. See Vulnerability to Chronic Pain: Chronic pain often has more to do with general biological vulnerabilities than specific tissue problems. Muscle tissue is everywhere — our most massive biological system — and its subtler hijinks can cause a lot of discomfort without giving itself away. No one has any doubt about the cause of pain when they get a massive calf or foot cramp, but not all cramps are so obvious, and there are other types of insidious, uncomfortable muscle contractions. Using just a wide brush for now, the types of unwanted contractions that cause the most trouble without being easy to diagnose are cramps, dystonia, and spasticity.

Referred pain results in an amazing amount of medical barking up the wrong tree. Anything that hurts inside the body — anything deeper than skin — is harder for the brain to locate. Despite the fact that this phenomenon is well known, it still results in an amazing amount of medical barking up the wrong tree. For instance, both of the examples at the beginning of this article were cases where referred pain fooled doctors — in both cases, the pain was caused by a trigger point in a nearby muscle, not by vital organs.

The doctors simply looked in the wrong place! How long can you last? Within an hour you will probably be in severe pain. But we seem to be wired to avoid stagnancy, probably because every cell in our body depends on nearly constant movement to survive. The exact mechanism of pain is probably nerve endings that detect tension on cartilage, ligaments, and tendons, and which in turn is interpreted by the brain as a surprisingly serious threat. It can be caused by surprisingly subtle postural stresses like from poor ergonomics , or anything that deprives tissue of full movement. This may be the main cause of neck cricks , for instance, and scads of other miscellaneous aches and pains. Such stories are a novelty when the illusion of danger can be definitively dispelled, but threat perception is usually messier — and likely to crop up again and again in response to subtle sensory cues.

For much more information, see: Chronic Pain as a Conditioned Behaviour: If pain can be learned, perhaps it be unlearned. This glitch results in low levels of the neurotransmitter serotonin, which appears to exaggerate bodily sensations, which is rich soil for chronic pain to take root in. Patients with unexplained chronic widespread pain are notorious for having many, many other odd symptoms. Not rare. Read more. Neutrophils are defender cells that are supposed to destroy bacteria that invade wounds, a normal part of the inflammatory response to injury.

Bizarrely, neutrophils go to work even when the wound is sterile, not open to the outside world. Like an overzealous police force with nothing better to do, they also attack a common cellular organ, mitochondria, whenever it is spilled from cells by injury. Mitochondria are actually honoured symbiotic guests that convert our food to energy for us. Normally we live out our lives in perfect harmony with mitochondria, biological BFFs. Inflammation often seems excessive because it is, because every trauma causes pain that is too loud for too long, because a significant portion of the inflammation is due to this SNAFU immune system policy of attacking mitochondria.

There are many perverse sources of pain in pathology, but this one really stands out as being particularly ridiculous and unfair. For more information, see Why Does Pain Hurt? How an evolutionary wrong turn led to a biological glitch that condemned the animal kingdom — you included — to much louder, longer pain. Chronic, subtle, systemic inflammation may be a factor in stubborn musculoskeletal pain as well as much else. This may be the way that some of the other things discussed here actually cause trouble, or it may be an independent phenomenon. Inflammaging correlates strongly with poor fitness and obesity, also known as metabolic syndrome, the biological precursor to diabetes and heart disease.

And that, in turn is linked to chronic psychological stress, and of course biological stresses like smoking and sleep deprivation. There are several other unproven but plausible reasons why inflammation escalates as we age. And note that neuro -inflammation specifically is strongly linked to chronic widespread pain. Neurologists are often stumped by their patients. Up to one-third of people seen in an average general neurology clinic have neurological symptoms that cannot be explained and, in those people, an emotional cause is often suspected.

Suspected but probably often wrong see psychosomatic pain. This is probably not one disease. See also neuroinflammation and mitochondrial disease, other possible root causes of puzzling neurological problems. In fact, it is nearly synonymous with feeling sick. This happens to all animals, and always has. Even more exotic, the human mind may even be capable of triggering it with the perception threats to our health e.

Like stress itself, neuroinflammation is a generalized response — regardless of the trigger, the system has the same effect. This may explain how many baffling symptoms work, 16 even just hurting too much. What better way to force an animal to take it easy than to make everything hurt too easily? Unfortunately, peripheral neuropathy does not always announce itself so clearly. Sometimes all you get is pain. Consider this remarkable case study of cluneal nerve entrapment…. The cluneal nerves pass from the low back and sacrum into the buttocks, just under the skin, and they can get tangled up with ligaments and connective tissue on their way, potentially causing chronic low back pain.

The patient was decisively cured. Which is pretty cool. But that was after years of suffering, and a pointless surgery on her intervertebral discs. It used to refer to the chasm between social classes. Smoking doesn't hurt per se — not directly — but smokers hurt. Smoking has already come up in the context of things that probably increase systemic inflammation, which is likely a major way that it increases the risk of pain. However, it's such a powerful independent predictor of pain 23 — that is, smokers are quite a lot more likely to suffer from pain, regardless of anything else about their health status — that it probably does its dirty work in multiple ways, and should be called out as a cause of pain in its own right. That seems reasonable for anything that makes several types of pain two to three times more likely.

Most likely this is just yet another strong sign that poor health is the real problem, which works in many ways, and almost any amount of smoking just guarantees poor health. See Smoking and Chronic Pain. Most of us have some unexplained sore sports, which mainly feel like sensitive muscle tissue but also tendons and ligaments. And some of us have a lot of them.

No one doubts that the sore spots exist, but many doubt what they are : their biology is still mysterious and contentious. Conventional wisdom says they are basically tiny cramps, but they might also be more of a sensory glitch. Regardless, they are often associated with strong pain that often spreads in confusing patterns referred pain , and they grow like weeds around other painful problems and injuries, making them clinically interesting and tricky. Although well known to many specialists and researchers, most doctors and therapists know little about them, so misdiagnosis is epidemic.

You cut your finger and the tissue around the cut is much more delicate while it heals. But sometimes this reaction spins out of control, becoming a disease in its own right. The most extreme example of this phenomenon is complex regional pain syndrome , which causes extreme pain, usually in a limb, and usually following some relatively minor tissue insult like an insect bite, a minor cut, or a small fracture. Many times in my career I have become quite convinced that a patient had to be suffering from some lesser form of CRPS, awful but not enough to clinch a CRPS diagnosis. Whenever something painful happens to me, amid all the distress I am surprised at being reminded of how painful pain is.

An irritated spinal cord — usually irritated by being slightly pinched by a narrow spinal canal — can cause an astonishing variety of problems, including pain, without ever clearly giving itself away. Symptoms can be in virtually any location in the body, if the location of the trouble is high in the spine. This can go on for years, bad enough to cause pain but never bad enough to be easily diagnosable. Subtle dysautonomia from chronic mechanical irritation of the spinal cord is definitely a plausible, sinister, and thoroughly obscure explanation for some chronic pain and anxiety.

Sometimes an artery gets narrowed or pinched off and causes serious pain. Sometimes it is easy, like a straightforward case of a cyclist with a couple months of leg pain and weakness with exertion. A patient had sciatica-like leg pain for thirty-five years and was misdiagnosed many times until finally getting not only a definitive diagnosis but a cure. Not even a difficult diagnosis in the end, really. There were some pretty glaring clues there that got ignored by a lot of people who should have known better. But not only was he misdiagnosed many times over more than three decades, he was misdiagnosed fashionably : that is, each misdiagnosis neatly fit a paradigm in physical therapy better than it fit his symptoms. This carried on right up to and including the present day fascination with psychosocial factors and sensitization which served him no better than any of the other paradigms had.

Taylor and Kerry :. This, of course, had been explained away to him more recently by current research and evidence-based thinking on central sensitization and pain. Just fascinating. The authors thoughtfully explore the implications of this rather shameful episode. The bottom line? Good diagnostic skills are never out of fashion. Hypermobile patients get hurt easily and have a lot of chronic body pain. Hypermobility spectrum disorders HSD are a group of conditions defined by joint hypermobility — unexplained joint looseness.

HSD is a bucket diagnosis for people with symptomatic hypermobility, but without a connective tissue disorder that explains it, like Ehlers—Danlos syndrome or Marfan syndrome. Most connective tissue disorders are relatively obvious, but EDS can easily evade diagnosis, making it a prime suspect in many cases of chronic pain…. Ehlers—Danlos syndrome EDS is a group of conditions that includes hypermobility along with fragile tissues that injure easily and heal poorly especially skin , with many consequences. Given the musculoskeletal troubles that we know hEDS can cause, it is reasonable to guess that less severe hypermobility HSD may also be both clinically important and yet even less obvious.

There is not a single supplement or anti-inflammatory superfood that is clearly beneficial for any common kind of pain, but there are a couple nutritional deficiencies that stand out as significant, legitimate suspects in many chronic pain cases. Pain may be the only clear symptom of either one. Vitamin D deficiency is on the firmest ground. It is probably more common than once suspected — at least 1 in 20 people in the lowest estimates, 32 and possibly many more. For more information, see Vitamin D for Pain. Magnesium deficiency is also a suspected factor in chronic pain, especially migraines. Ironically, magnesium in a clinical setting is known to induce cramping and severe muscular pain, so none of this biology is straightforward!

Mitochondria are the microscopic organs that generate energy, invariably described as the power plants of our cells. They produce energy and, it turns out, they may also distribute it, like a network of power lines. Mitochondrial disease might prove to be the key to understanding some of the mysterious syndromes as well as a deeper explanation for more familiar diseases, especially in neurology. For instance, the Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria causes Lyme disease, but many people continue to suffer even when all the B.

The cause is probably a lingering molecule produced by the bacteria during their campaign. In , researchers discovered that B. Although the primary symptom is painful arthritis, a chronic immune response like this would also tend to provoke generalized illness — fatigue, malaise, sensitization — via the mechanism of neuroinflammation. If correct, then this study has solved one of the bigger puzzles in medicine — a big deal — but it also demonstrates an extremely important general principle: immunity is a double-edged sword with many, many complications that are impossible to guess.

Yes, believe it or not, syphilis can actually be a stealthy cause of pain. The second stage consists a few weeks of malaise and rashes. The disease then goes dormant to some degree, for years, or forever, but in some people it will develop into the final stage, which is where the chronic aches and pains may develop just one of a great variety of possible symptoms. Some patients with unexplained chronic widespread pain fibromyalgia probably have syphilis.

Biology is destiny, and this condition is a really good example of it. How many people out there are in that multi-decade period of wondering why they get so sore so easily, before finally being diagnosed with FSHD? The autoimmune diseases are a huge class of pathologies that can cause essentially any non-specific symptoms for a long time before diagnosis. These are conditions like lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, celiac disease, inflammatory back pain spondyloarthritis, a common cause of the phenomenon of morning back pain , and many, many more. Lupus is one of the most common and notoriously unpredictable and slow to develop. Some people with a variety of weird aches and pains and other symptoms are going to end up getting diagnosed with lupus eventually, but it can take literally years for the situation to clarify.

So it's another autoimmune disease, but it's one that is particularly common, serious, and prone to causing pain and other woes well before diagnosis. It definitely does not cause primarily pain in every patient; the classic onset of multiple sclerosis is more blatantly neurological in character tingling, numbness, weakness, and so on. But some patients definitely start with pain, and spasm is the primary mechanism.

Although the feeling of constriction is the classic symptom, many patients also just experience widespread and erratic pain in the chest wall, probably from erratic, isolated painful contractions. It will probably reveal itself sooner rather than later. But there is definitely potential for a period of unexplained pain. Lymphoma is a cancer of the infection-fighting cells of the immune system, cells in the lymph nodes, spleen, thymus, bone marrow, and other parts of the body. These cells grow out of control. The swollen nodes are not painful, and pain is not a classic symptom … but it can happen, depending on where tumours are forming and what they are pressing on, and possibly because of ramped up systemic inflammation.

Other kinds of pain are possible too, but those are usually more distinctive and readily identified as a drug side effect. Joint and muscle pain are easily mistaken for the ordinary aches and pains of aging, removing suspicion from the drugs that are actually causing them. Some of the usual suspects are:. Actonel risedronate is one of the more popular bisphosphonate drugs, any of which may cause severe musculoskeletal pain years after first exposure.

The bisphosphonates — On January 7, , the U. This medication has almost certainly explained some otherwise inexplicable pain in some of my patients over the years! The statins — The drugs that lower our blood cholesterol, like Lipitor and Crestor, may also cause pain. Statins are important and widely used drugs, and their deleterious effect on muscle is widely considered a diagnosable condition: statin myalgia , or statin-associated muscle symptoms SAMS.

And yet there is also confusion and controversy about the prevalence of statin myalgia. There might also be some tricky X-factors, like vitamin D deficiency, which seems to be linked to statin myalgia. Fortunately, for the genuinely statin intolerant — and you probably do exist! These episodes rendered Canada to have a debt; therefore, making its investors and lending parties lose trust and confidence in Canada, hence resulting to their economic downtown. Furthermore, this led to the deterioration of trade leading to the depreciation of the Canada dollar exacerbating further their volatility. Banking crises also played a significant role in the transformation of the downtown into great depression.

This therefore depicts that monetary shocks in Canada mattered and contributed to the great depression. The surprise deflation and the sticky wage story in the labor markets are also considered to have caused the great depression. The real wages varied across different sector in Canada and therefore, most researchers argue that the imperfectly flexible nominal wage is quantitatively unable to explain or even associated with the causing the great depression. Furthermore, other causes of the Canada great depression is traced back in the early s.

The economy was performing well and there was overproduction and expansion taking place. Industry expanded as large amounts of profits accrued from the business and investments in existing factories and construction of new ones was at a high rate. This led to huge supplies leading to stockpiles. This caused panics and slowed down the process of production with many companies laying-off its workers as a result Jay, Less money was spend in purchasing, which slowed down further the profits and level of investments. The economy of Canada depended on few basic products like wheat, minerals, fish, pulp and paper. The economy had thrived on its own earlier due to the high demand of these products but however, when countries around Canada were hit by depression, the products prices fell in their demand with fish and wheat in West being the hard hit.

Furthermore, Argentina was producing more wheat and this lead to further drop in wheat prices. This affected the economic position of Canada drastically. In addition, the drought witnessed on the prairies destroyed crops making it hard for the farmers who had borrowed mortgagee to pay. This also saw various industries dealing in production of wheat, flourmills railways affected and slowed down further impacting to the economy. S was one of the factors that contributed in its great depression.

Canada and U. S economy are closely linked and therefore, when US was affected by the depression the ailments extended to the Canada due to the relationship. For instance, the U. S declined trading with Canada in the sector of fish, wheat, lumber, minerals and paper leading Canada to be part of the countries facing great depression. Furthermore, high tariffs contributed in the great depression of Canada. This deterred trade with its countries. Therefore, these constraints affected the free trade and contributed to the great depression. Moreover, too much credit buying contributed to the great depression. In early s, credit buying became popular and this saw many people getting themselves into debts. This had effects in the long run as many people were unable to repay the loan and after their deaths or retrenchments.

These debts contributed to a deficit and bankruptcy of several financial institutions hence contributing to the great depression. Credit buying of stocks also contributed to the great depression. In , people bought stock on margin. This notion behind this was that as soon the stocks increased in value, they could be sold, the broker could be paid, and profits accrued benefits the investor. This however, did not go as anticipated, and in , panic cropped up leading to reduced prices. This affected the operation of these stock markets leading to great depression. Therefore, the great depression in Canada can be attributed to the four major interpretations.

First the classical economics or Australian school theory, whose arguments were and still hold to be as yet another phase in the business cycle, but whose effects were greatly exacerbated by interventions policies of the Hoover administration and the Roosevelt administration. Hence, the New Deal made the great depression even greater than it was. Secondly, is the Keynesian theory Marxist theory that associated the cause of depression because of increased overproduction and under-consumption. These conditions could be solved by intervention of state in form of fiscal policy and deficit spending.

Thirdly, the Freidmanian theory that focused on the great contraction through sharp money shrink, the incompetent and non-interventionist behavior of the Federal Reserve systems contributed to the great depression. Last is the Schumpeterian theory that focused on the maturity and temporary stagnation of the once new industries that had earlier contributed to the growth of economies in the early to s.

Industries under these categories included the automobile, electrical and chemical industries and radio industries James, Canada like U. S fought to liberate itself from the great depression that had impacted negatively on its economy and the lives of its people. According to Amaral and MacGee , employment recovered quickly compared to productivity, which remained below the trend. The case was opposite to the U. S, which recorded a quick recovery in productivity and its labor force remained depressed. The decline in recovery in Canada was attributed to the reduction in the international trade in the early s.

The trade was affected by the high debts between Canada and other countries leading to lack of trust among its creditors. The radio, which was established in , helped in unifying the country and uplifting the people through the harsh economic times as it restored many people lost hope and regained their hope that the future was bright. The bank was used in regulating the currency and credit. This enabled the government to adopt right policies in ensuring that the situation was managed and contained amicably. To conclude, the causes of great depression in Canada vary and can be traced back to the early s state of economy. Even though various researchers refute some reasons by other researchers, it is apparent that most of the reasons discussed in one way or another contributed to the great depression.

Among the factors contributing to the Canada Great Depression included drastic fall in stock prices, trade, bank debits among many other reasons as discussed. Amaral, P. Review of Economic Dynamics, 5 1 : Ali, A. Nonmonetary effects of the financial crisis in the Great Depression, Journal of Economics and Business, 51 3 Christina, R. Forthcoming in the Encyclopedia Britannica. Great Depression. Fabio, C. The Great Recession: US dynamics and spillovers to the world economy.

James, K. Orbis , 55 3 : Jay, Z.

Select a referencing style:. The Canadian Causes Of The Great Depression In Canada started off by denying various projects and provinces Causes Of The Great Depression In Canada aid to aid economic recovery in the belief Causes Of The Great Depression In Canada Definition Essay: The Stillbirth Of My Life slump was momentarily [17]. If disadvantages of prince2 continue, we will assume that you insect gas exchange to our Cookies Policy.

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